Forest Fires  in the Russian Federation  

01 August 2011


Note by the Global Fire Monitoring Center
 

Today we have the sad duty to inform the international users of this website that our closest and most important partner in the Russian Federation, the head of the Remote Sensing Laboratory of the V.N. Sukachev Institute for Forest, Siberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences, Krasnoyarsk, Dr. Anatoly Ivanovich Sukhinin, passed away yesterday in Krasnoyarsk. Anatoly Ivanovich has created fundamental progress in monitoring fires from space, and he brought clarity and transparency to the community of wildland fire scientists, managers and policy makers about the extent of fire occurrence in Russia and several neighbouring countries.

The Global Fire Monitoring Center always felt privileged to work with Dr. Sukhinin. We have evidence of systematic use of his data by international users for the good. We appreciate to be a partner of the Sukachev Institute for Forest, and we will continue our joint work based on the achievements of Dr. Sukhinin. On behalf of the international community of users of his data we have conveyed today a letter of condolence to his family and to the Institute in Krasnoyarsk.

GFMC, Freiburg, 01 August 2011

Johann Georg Goldammer

 

A technical note by GFMC

Many users of this website have noted that all Current Updates of fire situations in Russia and other countries around the globe are not accessible any longer by the internet. All files between 1998 and July 2011 have been moved to an internal database. The structure and contents of the database can still be seen in the archive. However, if access to past Current updates is requested the GFMC will assist.

 

Fires in Eastern Russia


MODIS (Aqua) satellite image of fires burning in Khabarovsk Krai on 27 July 2011 (resolution: 1 km and 500m). The image below shows the smoke export to the Sea of Okhotsk.
Source: NASA satellite image repository (selected and interpreted by GFMC)
 


Smoke from wildfires streamed across the Sea of Okhotsk on 27 July 2011. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite captured this natural-color image. Source: NASA

 


MODIS (Aqua) satellite image of fires burning in Arkhangelsk Oblast on 27 July 2011 (resolution: 1 km and 250m). Today (29 July 2011) most of the Oblast is covered by clouds.
The clouds on 27 July 2011 could by thunderstorm clouds or pryrocumulus generated by high-intensity fires.
Source: NASA satellite image repository (selected and interpreted by GFMC)
 


False colour MODIS (Aqua) satellite image of fires burning in Arkhangelsk Oblast on 27 July 2011 (resolution: 500m).
Source: NASA satellite image repository (selected and interpreted by GFMC)
 

Fire danger map for June for Eastern Siberia:


Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany has been displayed on this website starting 25 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:
http://www.fire.uni-freiburg.de/fwf/eurasia.htm

Latest Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) map for Eurasia (31 July 2011)
Note: The components of the Fire Weather Index and the meteorological data below are updated daily at ca. 15:00 GMT/UTC by the Northern Forestry Centre, Canada. In the list below the latest maps (including the FWI) can be downloaded. These maps will provide the information at the date of clicking on the link.

Fire Weather Index Components Meteorological Data
Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC) Precipitation
Duff Moisture Code (DMC) Relative humidity
Drought Code (DC) Temperature
Initial Spread Index (ISI) Wind direction
Buildup Index (BUI) Wind speed
Fire Weather Index (FWI)

Latest Situation Updates of the Aerial Forest Fire Centre of Russia
 

Wildfire  situation report of  the Aerial Forest Fire Center of Russia (Avialesookhrana) 30 July, 2011
According  to  the wildfire situation report of 30 July 2011 a total of 121  fires affected 11573 ha forested 
and 119 ha non-forested lands.
33 fires of them were reported as new fires.
An except 26 fires were put out the same day they have been discovered.
 
Through all of Russia 5070 people 55 aircraft, 982 bulldozers, tractors and engines have
been involved in fire fighting.
 
Since the beginning of the 2011 fire season a total of 16711 fires affected 849613 ha forested and 264808 ha 
non-forested lands of the Forest Fund of Russia.
 
Most fires have been reported in the following regions:
Arkhangelsk region - 35
Komi republic - 26
Hanti-Mansiysk region (UGRA)- 20
 
Source: Aerial Forest Fire Center of Russia (Avialesookhrana), Prepared for GFMC by Andrey Usachev


Satellite-derived fire information

Avialesookhrana provides also up-to-date satellite images for the Russian Federation and neighboring territories.

 

click to enlarge (360 KB)
Latest (01 August 2011 10:00 GMT) MODIS (Terra and Aqua) composite.
The red squares indicate regions of active fires.
For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible. The FIRMS is offering an experimental version of MODIS Keyhole Markup Language (KML) time series showing Collection 5 active fire/hotspot detections by animating the location of fires that have occurred in the region in the last 48 hours (Google Earth must be installed):
http://firefly.geog.umd.edu/kml/download.php?file=Russia_and_Asia_48h.kml

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.

 

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

click to enlarge (29 KB)

Map legend

Administrative boundaries

 

Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days:

Overview

Latest maps maps showing fire activities of  31 July 2011 (selection):

Amur Region Khabarovsk Kray Khabarovsk Kray

More maps of other regions are available on request: info@gfmc.org 

Daily Report of the EMERCOM Website

Fire situation on the territory of the Russian Federation from the 01 August 2011

60 hotbeds of wildfires with the total area 3 024.88 hectares have been registered in the Russian Federation within twenty four hours. 82 hotbeds with the area of 5 747.88 ha have been extinguished. 80 hotbeds, including those emerged earlier and 13 large ones continue burning, the area of active burning is 606.72 ha, 9 605.62 ha has been contained.

Within the past twenty four hours 82 hotbeds of wildfires with the total area of 5 747.88 hectares were extinguished, including 32 with the area of 155.43 ha extinguished on the day of detection.

Within twenty four hours wildfires have gone 3 024.88 hectares, including 2 523.52 hectares – forest land, 500.50 hectares – steppe land and 0.86 ha - peat land.

80 hotbeds of wildfires (the area of active burning is 606.72 hectares, 9 605.62 ha have been contained) continue burning. Of these 75 fires with the area of 9 986.34 ha are on the forest lands (FFA), 5 hotbed with the area 226.0 ha - on specially protected areas in Khabarovsk Territory, Republic of Karelia and Arkhangelsk Region. Including 13 large fire with the area 7 340.0 ha (2 hotbed with the area of 1 000.0 in Komi Republic, 11 hotbeds with the area of 6 340.0 ha in Arkhangelsk Region).

There are 122 uncontrolled undergrowth burning sites and 5 hotbeds of waste burning on the territory of the Russian Federation.

10 680 people and 2 428 units of equipment were involved to extinguish wildfires.

Of these: 2 067 people and 496 units of equipment - from EMERCOM of Russia; 395 people and 160 units of equipment - from FFA; 1198 people and 417 units of equipment - from the Ministry of the Interior, 6068 people and 1299 units of equipment - other RSChS subsystems.

Compared to the previous 24 hours there is a fall in the number of wildfires (by 24 hotbeds) and in the areas on fire (by 2 723.0 ha).

The most difficult situation with fires remains in Khabarovsk Territory, Komi Republic and Arkhangelsk Region (hard to reach areas, unfavorable weather conditions).

Given the weather forecast, the emergency wildfire situation will remain in the Far Eastern, Siberian, Volga, Southern, North-Caucasian and Central Federal Districts: in Amur and Sakhalin Regions, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Khabarovsk and Altai Territories, Orenburg, Saratov, Samara, Astrakhan, Volgograd, Rostov Regions, Krasnodar Territory, Chechen, North Osetia-Alania, Dagestan, Ingushetia Republics, Bashkortostan, Kalmykia, Stavropol Territory, Lipetsk, Voronezh, Moscow and Yaroslavl Regions.

Change in area and number of active fire hotbeds

 

Source: EMERCOM of Russia

Recent Media Reports on Fires in the Russian Federation

        For more reports see GFMC Media page: http://www.fire.uni-freiburg.de/media/news.htm

Recent video coverage of wildland fires and politics in Russia

2011 wildland fire videos including interviews by the Federal Forest Agency of Russia (Rosleskhoz)
http://www.rosleshoz.gov.ru/media/video

News from 15 April 2011
http://www.1tv.ru/news/social/174762

News from 22 April 2011
http://www.1tv.ru/news/social/175158

Background on Wildland Fires in the Russian Federation

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V. Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.


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