Forest Fires  in the Russian Federation  

09 August 2011


Fires in the Ukraine


Fires burning North of the Black Sea in the Ukraine and Russia. True Colour Image taken by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua satellite (9th August 2011)
 

Fires in Eastern Russia


MODIS (Terra) satellite image of fires and smoke in the Yakutsk region in Eastern Russia, 9th August 2011 (resolution: 2 km and 500m)


 

Fire danger map for June for Eastern Siberia:


Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany has been displayed on this website starting 25 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:
http://www.fire.uni-freiburg.de/fwf/eurasia.htm

Latest Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) map for Eurasia (08 August 2011)
Note: The components of the Fire Weather Index and the meteorological data below are updated daily at ca. 15:00 GMT/UTC by the Northern Forestry Centre, Canada. In the list below the latest maps (including the FWI) can be downloaded. These maps will provide the information at the date of clicking on the link.

Fire Weather Index Components Meteorological Data
Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC) Precipitation
Duff Moisture Code (DMC) Relative humidity
Drought Code (DC) Temperature
Initial Spread Index (ISI) Wind direction
Buildup Index (BUI) Wind speed
Fire Weather Index (FWI)

Latest Situation Updates of the Aerial Forest Fire Centre of Russia
 

Wildfire situation report of the Aerial Forest Fire Center of Russia (Avialesookhrana)
2 August, 2011
According to the wildfire situation report of 2 August 2011 a total of
92 fires affected 2950 ha forested and 125 ha non-forested lands.
48 fires of them were reported as new fires.
An except 57 fires were put out the same day they have been discovered.

Through all of Russia 3438 people 54 aircraft, 319 bulldozers, tractors and engines have
been involved in fire fighting.

Since the beginning of the 2011 fire season a total of 16954 fires
affected 856086 ha forested and 265630 ha non-forested lands of the Forest Fund of Russia.

Most fires have been reported in the following regions:
Arkhangelsk region - 24
Komi republic - 14
Habarovsk region - 10

Source: Aerial Forest Fire Center of Russia (Avialesookhrana) 
Prepared for GFMC by Andrey Usachev


Satellite-derived fire information

Avialesookhrana provides also up-to-date satellite images for the Russian Federation and neighboring territories.

 

click to enlarge (360 KB)
Latest (09 August 2011 03:00 GMT) MODIS (Terra and Aqua) composite.
The red squares indicate regions of active fires.
For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible. The FIRMS is offering an experimental version of MODIS Keyhole Markup Language (KML) time series showing Collection 5 active fire/hotspot detections by animating the location of fires that have occurred in the region in the last 48 hours (Google Earth must be installed):
http://firefly.geog.umd.edu/kml/download.php?file=Russia_and_Asia_48h.kml

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.

 

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

click to enlarge (29 KB)

Map legend

Administrative boundaries

 

Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days:

Overview

Latest maps maps showing fire activities of  02 August 2011 (selection):

Yakutia (Saha Republic) Khabarovsk Kray Khabarovsk Kray

More maps of other regions are available on request: info@gfmc.org 

Daily Report of the EMERCOM Website

47 hotbeds of wildfires with the total area 811.76 hectares have been registered in the Russian Federation within twenty four hours. 56 hotbeds with the area of 3 515.36 ha have been extinguished. 18 hotbeds continue burning, the area of active burning is 42.8 ha, 426.42 ha has been contained.

Within the past twenty four hours 56 hotbeds of wildfires with the total area of 3 515.36 hectares were extinguished, including 35 with the area of 183.36 ha extinguished on the day of detection.

Within twenty four hours wildfires have gone 811.76 hectares, including 794.21 hectares – forest land and 17.55 ha - peat land.

18 hotbeds of wildfire (the area of active burning is 42.8 hectares, 426.42 ha have been contained) continue burning. Of these 16 fires with the area of 457.22 ha are on the forest lands (FFA), 1 hotbed with the area 2.0 ha - in settlements in Perm Territory, 1 hotbed with the area of 10 ha in reserve lands in Tver Region.

There are 75 uncontrolled undergrowth burning sites and 5 hotbeds of waste burning on the territory of the Russian Federation.

6 474 people and 1 713 units of equipment were involved to extinguish wildfires.

Of these: 1 932 people and 391 units of equipment - from EMERCOM of Russia; 482 people and 185 units of equipment - from FFA; 19 people and 6 units of equipment – from the Ministry of Natural Resourses, 991 people and 293 units of equipment - from the Ministry of the Interior, 3 050 people and 835 units of equipment - other RSChS subsystems.

Compared to the previous 24 hours there is a fall in the number of wildfires (by 9 hotbeds) and in the areas on fire (by 2 703.6 ha).

The most difficult situation with fires remains in Komi Republic and Magadan Region (hard to reach areas, unfavorable weather conditions).

Given the weather forecast, the emergency wildfire situation will remain in all the Federal Districts with the exception of the Urals FD and Northwestern FD: Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Republic of Kalmykia, Dagestan, Khabarovsk, Altai and Primorsk Territories, Sakhalin, Orenburg, Saratov, Astrakhan, Volgograd, Rostov, Yaroslav Regions, Krasnodar Territory, Stavropol Territory.

Source: EMERCOM of Russia

Recent Media Reports on Fires in the Russian Federation

        For more reports see GFMC Media page: http://www.fire.uni-freiburg.de/media/news.htm

Recent video coverage of wildland fires and politics in Russia

2011 wildland fire videos including interviews by the Federal Forest Agency of Russia (Rosleskhoz)
http://www.rosleshoz.gov.ru/media/video

News from 15 April 2011
http://www.1tv.ru/news/social/174762

News from 22 April 2011
http://www.1tv.ru/news/social/175158

Background on Wildland Fires in the Russian Federation

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V. Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.


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