Forest Fires in the Russian Federation
14 October 2011
This image, taken by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua satellite, shows fires burning in the Far East of Russia on 8 October 2011. Source: NASA satellite image repository (selected and interpreted by GFMC).
Fire danger map for October for Eastern Siberia:
Source: Sukachev Institute for Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany has been displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:
Latest Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) map for Eurasia (13 October 2011)
Note: The components of the Fire Weather Index and the meteorological data below are updated daily at ca. 15:00 GMT/UTC by the Northern Forestry Centre, Canada. In the list below the latest maps (including the FWI) can be downloaded. These maps will provide the information at the date of clicking on the link.
Fire Weather Index Components Meteorological Data Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC) Precipitation Duff Moisture Code (DMC) Relative humidity Drought Code (DC) Temperature Initial Spread Index (ISI) Wind direction Buildup Index (BUI) Wind speed Fire Weather Index (FWI)
Latest Situation Updates of the Aerial Forest Fire Centre of Russia
Wildfire situation report of the Aerial Forest Fire Center of Russia (Avialesookhrana) 30 September, 2011
According to the wildfire situation report of 30 September 2011 a total of
61 fires affected 514 ha forested and 74 ha non-forested lands.
25 fires of them were reported as new fires.
25 fires were put out the same day they have been discovered.
Through all of Russia 646 people 15 aircraft, 153 bulldozers, tractors and engines have
been involved in fire fighting.
Since the beginning of the 2011 fire season a total of 19767 fires
affected 1 027 259 ha forested and 322 191 ha non-forested lands of the Forest Fund of Russia.
Most fires have been reported in the following regions:
Krasnoyarsk region - 10
Irkiutsk region - 12
Republic of Buriatia - 7
An except of Forest Lands there were 14 fires in Bratsk City lands, Irkutsk
region. Area burned is 280 ha.
Source: Aerial Forest Fire Center of Russia (Avialesookhrana)
Satellite-derived fire information
Avialesookhrana provides also up-to-date satellite images for the Russian Federation and neighboring territories.
Latest (14 October 2011 15:00 GMT) NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite.
The red squares indicate regions of active fires (MODIS Detection).
For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)
The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible. The FIRMS is offering an experimental version of MODIS Keyhole Markup Language (KML) time series showing Collection 5 active fire/hotspot detections by animating the location of fires that have occurred in the region in the last 48 hours (Google Earth must be installed):
Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Kray used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries of administrative regions and a legend is included below.
Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days (4th - 14th October 2011):
Latest maps maps showing fire activities of 14 October 2011 (selection):
More maps of other regions are available on request: firstname.lastname@example.org
From the Media
Fire situation on the territory of the Russian Federation from the 20 September 2011
20 hotbeds of wildfires with the total area 267,61 hectares have been registered in the Russian Federation within twenty four hours. 14 hotbeds with the area of 80.11 ha have been extinguished. 11 hotbeds including those emerged earlier and one large one continue burning, the area of active burning is 12.22 ha, 233.98 ha has been contained.
Within the past twenty four hours 14 hotbeds of wildfires with the total area of 80.11 hectares were extinguished, 12 of them with the area of 66.22 ha were extinguished on the day of detection.
Within twenty four hours wildfires have gone 267.61 hectares, including 200.59 ha of forest land, 67.0 ha - steppe land, 0.02 ha - peat land.
12 hotbeds of wildfire (the area of active burning is 12.22 ha, 233.98 ha has been contained) continue burning. All the hotbeds are on the forest lands (FFA).
There are 38 controlled 81 uncontrolled undergrowth burning sites and 27 sites of waste burning in the territory of the Russian Federation.
2 354 people and 734 units of equipment were involved to extinguish wildfires.
432 people and 147 units of equipment - from EMERCOM of Russia;
224 people and 124 units of equipment - from FFA;
324 people and 95 units of equipment – from the Ministry of the Interior;
1374 people and 368 units of equipment - other RSChS subsystems;Compared with the previous twenty four hours there is a rise in number of wildfire hotbeds (by 6 hotbeds) and in areas on fire (by 187.5 ha).
Given the weather forecast an emergency fire situation will remain in the Siberian, Southern and North-Caucasian Federal Districts: in the Republics of Tuva, Altai, Dagestan, Kalmykia, Altai, Zabaikalsky and Stavropol Territories, Novosibirsk Region.
Dynamics of changes in number of hotbeds and area on fire
Source: EMERCOM of Russia
Recent Media Reports on Fires in the Russian Federation
- RIA NOVOSTI regular news & updates (2011) in Russian:
- RIA NOVOSTI regular news & updates (2011) in English:
- Firefighters battle 9 large forest fires in East Siberia (published by www.en.ria.ru, 02 October 2011)
- Russia’s president Medvedev highly appreciated the actions of the Ministry of Emergency (published by www.0-1.ru, 30 September 2011)
- Forest Fires Threaten Russian City (published by www.rferl.org, 30 September 2011)
- Russian city enveloped in smog from forest fires (published by www.rt.com, 30 September 2011)
- Russia to set up three amphibious aircraft groups to fight wildfires (published by www.en.rian.ru, 17 August 2011)
- Russian forests burn for second successive year (published by www.guardian.co.uk, 09 August 2011)
- Peat smog hits Moscow Region (published by www.themoscownews.com, 08 August 2011)
- Now, an online game where Putin tackles forest fires (published by www.in.news.yahoo.com, 05 August 2011)
- Firefighters battle 26 wildfires in Russian Far East (published by http://en.rian.ru, 17 July 2011)
- Shall peat bog fires cause emergency situation in Russia? (published by www.russia-ic.com, 07 July 2011)
- Rain Keeps Smoke Away (published by www.themoscowtimes.com, 06 July 2011)
- Rain could be Moscow's last defense against the smog (published by http://themoscownews.com, 05 July 2011)
- Firefighters in Russia's Far East put out all but one forest fires (published by http://en.rian.ru, 01 July 2011)
- Firefighters put out half of 12 forest fires in Russia's Far East in past 24 hours (published by http://en.rian.ru, 28 June 2011)
- Ministry Fights Forest Fires With Crosses (published by www.themoscowtimes.com, 27 June 2011)
- 400 wildfires blaze across Siberia (published by www.ibtimes.com, 14 June 2011)
- Russian Wildfires Could Be Much Worse Than Last Year (published by www.businessinsider.com, 09 June 2011)
- Moscow faces more peat fires this year: Greenpeace (published by articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com, 09 June 2011)
- Russia facing wave of wildfires, could be worse than last year’s (published by www.digitaljournal.com, 09 June 2011)
- Fire fighting efforts are falling behind schedule (published by themoscownews.com, 08 June 2011)
- A Day of Fighting Forest Fires (published by www.themoscowtimes.com, 07 June 2011)
- Russia on fire (published by www.globalpost.com, 07 June 2011)
- Forest fires expanding in Siberia (published by www.upi.com, 05 June 2011)
- Emergencies ministry says much of Russia not ready for wildfires (published by http://en.rian.ru, 01 June 2011)
- Unknown cause for Russian arms depot fire (published by www.euronews.net, 27 May 2011)
- The Ural cluster got into wild fires (published by www.rusbiznews.com, 25 May 2011)
- Wildfires situation in Siberia stabilises – local administration (published by www.itar-tass.com, 24 May 2011)
- Fears of repeat disaster as fires rage in Russian east (published by www.bbc.co.uk, 24 May 2011)
- Forest Fires Rage In Russia's Far East, Siberia (published by http://planetark.org, 23 May 2011)
- Forest fires spread in Siberia (published by http://en.rian.ru, 22 May 2011)
- Severe forest fires in Russia's Siberian provinces (published by Interfax, 20 May 2011)
- Wildfire spreads in Russia's Siberia (published by http://world.globaltimes.cn, 15 May 2011)
- Firefighters battle raging wildfires in Siberia (published by http://en.rian.ru, 08 May 2011)
- Greenpeace accuses authorities of failing to fight wildfires (published by themoscownews.com, 06 May 2011)
- Firefighters battle 10 wildfires in Russian Far East (published by http://en.rian.ru, 03 May 2011)
- Medvedev smoulders over wild fire threat (published by themoscownews.com, 28 April 2011)
- Peat-bog flooding stepped up in central Russia to prevent wildfires (published by english.ruvr.ru, 28 April 2011)
- Medvedev orders no repeat of 2010 wildfire chaos (Source: Reuters, 27 April 2011)
- Meeting on wildfires prevention (published by eng.kremlin.ru, 27 April 2011)
- Medvedev to send officials to wildfires frontline (published by www.thenewage.co.za, 27 April 2011)
- Siberian forest fires getting closer to homes (published by www.newsbcm.com, 25 April 2011)
- 32 forest fires contained in Siberia by Monday morning (published by www.itar-tass.com, 25 April 2011)
- Number of Forest Fires in Siberia up 50 Percent (published by www.bernama.com, 23 April 2011)
- Vladimir Putin demands all agencies thoroughly prepare for fire season (published by www.newsbcm.com, 21 April 2011)
For more reports see GFMC Media page: http://www.fire.uni-freiburg.de/media/news.htm
Recent video coverage of wildland fires and politics in Russia
2011 wildland fire videos including interviews by the Federal Forest Agency of Russia (Rosleskhoz)
News from 15 April 2011
News from 22 April 2011
Background on Wildland Fires in the Russian Federation
- Forest Fire and Smoke Episode in Western Russia 2010
- IFFN Russian Federation Special Issue (IFFN 32)
- Russia 2002 fire report
- IFFN Russian Federation 2002 Fire Special (IFFN 28)
- IFFN Reports from Russia
- Fire Research Campaign Asia-North (FIRESCAN)
Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V. Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.