Forest Fires in the Russian Federation  

26 July 2013


Smoke and wildfires in the Khanty-Mansiyskiy and Yamal-Nenetskiy districts in Siberia. The areas in red are abnormally warm surface temperatures.
Jeff Schmaltz, LANCE/EOSDIS MODIS Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC. Caption by Adam Voiland.

 



This image, taken by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua satellite, shows fires burning in Central-Western Russia on 25 July 2013.  Source: NASA satellite image repository (selected and interpreted by GFMC).

 

Distribution of wildfires in the Central-Western regions of Russia on 25-26 July 2013. Source: NASA FIRMS Fire Mapper (http://firms.modaps.eosdis.nasa.gov/firemap/).

 

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany has been displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:
http://www.fire.uni-freiburg.de/fwf/eurasia.htm

Latest Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) map for Eurasia (25 July 2013)
Note: The components of the Fire Weather Index and the meteorological data below are updated daily at ca. 15:00 GMT/UTC by the Northern Forestry Centre, Canada. In the list below the latest maps (including the FWI) can be downloaded. These maps will provide the information at the date of clicking on the link.

Fire Weather Index Components Meteorological Data
Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC) Precipitation
Duff Moisture Code (DMC) Relative humidity
Drought Code (DC) Temperature
Initial Spread Index (ISI) Wind direction
Buildup Index (BUI) Wind speed
Fire Weather Index (FWI)

 

Announcement of the Forest Fire Situation in the Russian Federation
(as
for the morning of 26 July 2013)

Source:
http://www.rosleshoz.gov.ru/forest_fires/info/317

As for the report 26 July 2013, on the lands of the Forest Fund of the Russian Federation 89 forest fires have been extinguished, including 14 fires detected on the same day.

Area burned in total during the last day: 3,535 hectares (ha)  including 3,469 ha of forested area.

There were involved on firefighting 3,043 people., 134 engines and tractors, 45 aircraft.

According to the Federal dispatch service, as for the morning 26.07.2013 in Russia burning 183 forest fires in the area of 17,670 ha, including large ones:
 

Forecast:

For the next two days (26 and 27 July 2013) high, extreme fire danger is expected in the Northwestern Federal District (in the central and south-western parts of the Republic of Komi), in the Southern Federal District and the North Caucasus Federal District (on the whole territory of the Astrakhan region in north, central and south-eastern parts of Kalmykia, in the western and eastern parts of the Rostov region, in the south-eastern part of the Krasnodar region, in the north-west of the Stavropol region), in Volga Federal District (in the central and south-eastern parts of the Orenburg region, in the south-eastern part of the Saratov region, in the Urals Federal District ( in the central, eastern, south-eastern and north-eastern parts of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District, in most parts of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District) in the Siberian Federal District (in most parts of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, on the whole territory of the Tomsk region), in the Far Eastern Federal District (in the north-west part of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)).

On 28 July 2013 extreme fire danger is expected in the Northwestern Federal District (in the central and southern parts of the Komi Republic), in the Southern Federal District (entire territory of the Astrakhan region in north, central and south-eastern parts of the Republic of Kalmykia, in the western and eastern parts of the Rostov region, south-eastern part of the Krasnodar region, in the western part of the Volgograd region), in the Volga Federal District (in the central part of the Orenburg region), in the Urals Federal District (in the central, eastern, south-eastern and north-eastern parts of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District, in most parts of the Yamal- Nenets AO) in the Siberian Federal District (in most parts of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, on the whole territory of the Tomsk region in the southern part of the Republic of Buryatia) in the Far Eastern Federal District (in the north-western part of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)).


Actions taken:


Emergency situation declared in five regions of the Russian Federation: the whole territory of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), 4 municipality districts  of the Republic of Komi, 2 municipality districts  of Krasnoyarsk Krai, 1 municipality district in  Sakhalin Island, a 3- municipality districts  of Khanty-Mansiysk.

Limited the visit of forest territories in 15 regions of the Russian Federation: the whole territory of Lipetsk, Rostov, Belgorod, Volgograd, Voronezh, Penza, Ulyanovsk, Samara, Kirov, Chelyabinsk and Perm regions, the Republic of Komi, in 1 municipality district  district of Nizhny Novgorod region, 18 municipality districts of the Ryazan region, in 7 municipality districts of the Vologda region.

The main cause of forest fires – agriculture burnings, carelessness, dry thunderstorms.
_______________________________________________________________________
In case of forest fire detection please call to Direct Line of forest protection services (8-800-100-94-00).

Информационное сообщение о лесных пожарах в субъектах Российской Федерации
(по состоянию на утро 26.07.2013 г.)

По состоянию на 26.07.2013 г. на землях лесного фонда Российской Федерации ликвидировано 89 лесных пожаров.

В день обнаружения ликвидировано 14 пожаров. За прошедшие сутки огнем было пройдено 3 535 га (из них 3 469 га покрытой лесом площади).

Для тушения привлекалось 3 043 чел., 134 ед. пожарной техники, 45 воздушных судов.

По данным Федеральной диспетчерской службы, по состоянию на утро 26.07.2013 в России действует 183 лесных пожара на площади 17 670 га, в том числе крупных:
 

Наибольшая горимость отмечается в следующих субъектах Северо-Западного, Уральского, Сибирского и Дальневосточного федеральных округов:

 Прогноз:

На предстоящие двое суток (26.07 и 27.07) высокая, чрезвычайная пожарная опасность ожидается в СЗФО (в центральной и юго-западной частях Республики Коми); в ЮФО и СКФО (на всей территории Астраханской области, в северной, центральной и юго-восточной частях Республики Калмыкия, в западной и восточной частях Ростовской области, в юго-восточной части Краснодарского края, на северо-западе Ставропольского края); в ПФО (в центральной и юго-восточной частях Оренбургской области, в юго-восточной части Саратовской области; в УрФО (в центральной, восточной, юго-восточной, северо-восточной частях Ханты-Мансийского АО, на большей части Ямало-Ненецкого АО); в СФО (на большей части Красноярского края, на всей территории Томской области); в ДФО (в северо-западной части Республики Саха (Якутия)).

28 июля высокая, чрезвычайная пожарная опасность ожидается в СЗФО (в центральной и южной частях Республики Коми); в ЮФО (на всей территории Астраханской области, в северной, центральной и юго-восточной частях Республики Калмыкия, в западной и восточной частях Ростовской области, в юго-восточной части Краснодарского края, в западной части Волгоградской области); в ПФО (в центральной части Оренбургской области); в УрФО (в центральной, восточной, юго-восточной, северо-восточной частях Ханты-Мансийского АО, на большей части Ямало-Ненецкого АО); в СФО (на большей части Красноярского края, на всей территории Томской области, в южной части Республики Бурятия); в ДФО (в северо-западной части Республики Саха (Якутия)).

Принятые меры:

Введен режим ЧС в 5 субъектах РФ: на всей территории Республики Саха (Якутия), в 4 м. районах Республики Коми, в 2 м. районах Красноярского края, в 1 м. районе Сахалинской области, в 3 м. районах Ханты-Мансийского АО.

Введен запрет на посещение лесов и въезд в них транспортных средств в 15 субъектах РФ: на всей территории Липецкой, Ростовской, Белгородской, Волгоградской, Воронежской, Пензенской, Ульяновской, Самарской, Кировской, Челябинской областей, Пермского края, Республике Коми, в 1 м. районе Нижегородской области, в 18 м. районах Рязанской области, в 7 м. районах Вологодской области.

Основная причина лесных пожаров – сельхозпалы, неосторожное обращение с огнем, сухие грозы.
_______________________________________________________________________

В случае обнаружения лесного пожара следует звонить на телефон Федеральной диспетчерской службы лесного хозяйства «Прямая линия лесной охраны» - 8-800-100-94-00.

 

Recent Media Reports on Fires in the Russian Federation: Note: The hyperlinks on the left side of each news are password-protected (User ID and password to enter the GFMC database are available for partners of GFMC. To obtain the ID and password, please send your query to fire@fire.uni-freiburg.de). The links on the right side (in brackets) are leading to the original news source; sometimes these news are expiring rather swiftly - a reason for the establishment of the internal GFMC database):

        For more reports see GFMC Media page: http://www.fire.uni-freiburg.de/media/news.htm

 

Recent Policy News (2012-2013)
In  September 2012 the "First International Fire Management Week” was held
in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russian Federation, was organized by the GFMC, the Russian Federal Forest Service Rosleskhoz and the National Aerial Forest Fire Center Avialesookhrana in the frame of the “German-Russian Forest Fire Task Force” and the UNISDR Regional Eurasia Wildland Fire Network (UNECE/FAO Team of Specialists on Forest Fire), with (a) classroom and field training on prescribed burning for wildfire hazard reduction and conservation for practitioners, trainers and decision makers, (b) Round Table on Fire Management, Krasnoyarsk Krai”, and (c) revisit of the Bor Forest Island Fire Experiment of 1993. Location: Krasnoyarsk, Bor Forest Island, Russian Federation. Preparatory papers and outcomes are given in the following:

In 2013 the "Second International Fire Management Week” in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russian Federation, was organized again in Krasnoyarsk Krai, with (a) Scientific Conference “Post-Fire Natural Regeneration of Forests in Siberia”, and (b) revisit of the Bor Forest Island Fire Experiment of 1993. Preparatory papers and outcomes are given in the following:

New Book Publication on the Use of Prescribed Fire in the Russian Federation (published May 2013)

Background on Wildland Fires in the Russian Federation

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V. Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.


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