Forest Fires and Smoke Pollution in India

13 April to 03 May 2016


The map above shows land surface temperatures from April 2016 compared to the 2000–2012 average for the same month. Red areas were hotter than the long-term average by as much as 12 degrees Celsius (22 degrees Fahrenheit) in some places; blue areas were below average. White pixels had normal temperatures, and gray pixels did not have enough data, most likely due to excessive cloud cover. In India, ground-based measurements recorded temperatures 4-5 degrees Celsius (8–10 degrees Fahrenheit) above normal. At least 300 people are reported to have died from heat-related complications during the month.
Source: NASA EarthObservatory

 


On 28 April 2016, the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the Suomi NPP satellite acquired this image of fires burning across northern India. Red outlines indicate hot spots where VIIRS detected warm surface temperatures associated with the fires. Smoke has dispersed across the country
Source: https://lance.modaps.eosdis.nasa.gov


On 30 April 2016, NASA's Terra satellite of the AERONET Nainital Subset captured this image of smoke plumes in northern India.
Source: https://lance.modaps.eosdis.nasa.gov

 

Other news from the media:  Note: The hyperlinks on the left side of each news are password-protected (User ID and password to enter the GFMC database are available for partners of GFMC). The links on the right side (in brackets) are leading to the original news source; sometimes these news are expiring rather swiftly - a reason for the establishment of the internal GFMC database):

From 04 November 2015

On 30 October 2015, the Visible Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the Suomi NPP satellite captured this image of fires burning in the Indian state of Punjab. Red outlines indicate hot spots where the sensor detected unusually warm surface temperatures generally associated with fires. Thick plumes of smoke drifted from the hot spots. The smoke likely stemmed primarily from agricultural fires. Farmers often set fire to their fields to clear them before the growing season, which in Punjab resumes in November.
Source: NASA Earth Observatory

Comments by the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC)

Agricultural burning
burning in the Indian state of Punjab and further along the foothills of the Himalayas is a common phenomenon that is observed annually. In the context of the current regional smoke pollution in SE Asia caused by land-use fires in Indonesia (see GFMC Summary on Land-use Fires and Smoke Pollution in Indonesia of 03 October 2015) the smoke pollution on the Indian Subcontinent is receiving more attention than in earlier years.

According to a report of Bloomberg of 04 October 2015 the air pollution meter near the Indian parliament in New Delhi on Wednesday morning  recorded high levels of PM2.5 – toxic particles that lead to respiratory diseases – were 27 times the safe limit. The reading of 675 micrograms per cubic meter of air recorded by Bloomberg News exceeded the highest measured this year in Singapore, where PM2.5 levels touched 471 in October 2015 in the city state.

In September 2015 Science Team around Jos Lelieveld at the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Germany, the parent institution of the GFMC, published the study:

J. Lelieveld, J.S. Evans, M. Fnais, D. Giannadaki and A. Pozzer (2015) The contribution of outdoor air pollution sources to premature mortality on a global scale. Research Letter, Nature Vol. 525, doi:10.1038/nature15371

This study reveals that air pollution causes more than 3 million premature deaths annually. The database of the research team reveals that more than 180,000 premature deaths per year globally are due to vegetation fire smoke emissions. More than 56,000 premature deaths are attributed to vegetation fire smoke emissions in India alone. See also:

Wildland Fire related news from the Media: Note: The hyperlinks on the left side of each news are password-protected (User ID and password to enter the GFMC database are
         available for partners of GFMC). The links on the right side (in brackets) are leading to the original news source; sometimes these news are expiring rather swiftly - a reason for the
         establishment of the internal GFMC database):

GFMC India Photo Archive

See also earlier reports about fires in India

2012

2010

Earlier

    http://www.fire.uni-freiburg.de/current/archive/archive.htm#JAPAN


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