Europe / Russia / CIS
The following list of the most important
Europe/Russia/CIS links is listed in alphabetical order.
GFMC readers are encouraged to provide update information on new links to the GFMC.
[ Austria | Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Israel | Italy | Lebanon | Portugal | Russian Federation | Spain | Sweden | Switzerland | Ukraine | United Kingdom ]
Austrian Lightning Detection & Information System (ALDIS)
ALDIS detects lightning activity in Austria. All the lightning data is stored in a database. The system is a cooperation between the Austrian Electricity Board , the Austrian Electrotechnical Association and the Siemens AG Austria. With the ALDIS database it is possible to count the number of flashes within geographical borders. The ALDIS sensors are also integrated in a multinational network. This network consists of sensors in Switzerland, Germany, France, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Italy, Hungary, Poland and Austria. All these sensors are integrated in the ALDIS network.
Finnish Meteorological Institute
The Finnish Meteorological Institute publishes an up-to-date weather warning map of Finland including fire:
Forest Fire Alert System
The system presented in these pages has been developed under ESA contract in preparation of the activity on "Promotion of Space Technologies for supporting the Management of Natural Disasters". Its objective is to operationally send alerts in case of forest fires or irregular hot events that will occur in Finland and its neighbouring countries and regions. The data used for detecting forest fires are AVHRR-data from NOAA-12, NOAA-14, and NOAA 15 satellites and also ATSR-2 data from ERS 2 satellite. The instrument data are collected, processed and evaluated automatically. In case of detected hot events an alarm will be generated and sent to the local fire dispatching centre of the region where the event is localised. The system is currently installed in the Finnish Meteorological Institute and a prototype version of it using AVHRR data has been successfully working since 1993.
Association Régionale de Défense de la Forêt Contre les Incendies (DFCI)
In the Aquitaine, there is one of the biggest forests in Europe, wooded with pinasters, on an interrupted surface area of almost 1 million ha, also called "Forêt des Landes de Gascogne - the Landes de Gascogne Forest". The website provides basic information on forest fires in that region (in French and English).
Centre dEssais et des Recherches de lEntente (CEREN)
The website provides an overview on the research work on flammability, protection equipment, impacts of forest fires, and rehabilitation after fire (in French).
FireTorch is a project financed by the European Union in which the currently available knowledge on the use of prescribed burning in the Mediterranean countries is collected and evaluated. The website provides information on the objectives and the progress of the project. From this website a database can be downloaded which contains the experience gained by prescribed burning so far. The information is provided in English and French.
Mediaforest Landes Fire Department
This website describes a scientific and operational approach to forest fire. A detailed documentation on fire experiments can be found at: http://www.mediaforest.net/incendie/incendie.htm
Ministry for Agriculture and Fisheries (Ministère de l'Agriculture et de la Pêche)
The Ministry for Agriculture and Fisheries of France is in charge of forest fire protection. The website provides the last annual report.
The BIRD mission is a milestone on the way to establish a small satellite programme within the Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR) and for the development of a new generation of imaging infrared sensors for Earth remote sensing objectives, which can be used for planetary exploration, too. The BIRD small satellite mission shall demonstrate the scientific and technological value and the technical and programmatic feasibility of the combination of ambitious science and new, not yet space-proofed advanced technologies with a small satellite mission conception under low-budget constraints. Main scientific objectives of the BIRD mission are: detection and identification of high-temperature events caused by vegetation fires, volcanic activities, and industrial hazards, burning oil wells, etc.
BIRD has been launched successfully on 22 October 2001.
Fire Ecology Research Group
The Fire Ecology Research Group is a subdivision of the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Biogeochemistry Department, and is located on the new Airport Campus of Freiburg University, Germany. The scope of work of thee research group includes terrestrial (ecological) fire research as well as collaborative studies in atmospheric chemistry. The group hosts (and is identical with) the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC). This university homepage is in German and contains information on current research objectives and projects as well as list of publications, diploma and doctoral theses that have been conducted in conjunction with the Faculty of Forest Science of Freiburg University.
FIRE WATCH - Automatic Early Warning System for Forest Fires
FIRE WATCH is a terrestrial, digital, remote surveillance system which is capable of observing larger wooded regions, and to analyse, evaluate, link and store the collective data.. Due to its sensitivity, accuracy and reliability the system enables an early recognition of forest fires.
Forest Fire News in Germany
The volunteer group @-fire, an organization formed of fire fighters, forestry workers and members of other professions, is helping with knowledge, experience, workforce in wildland firefighting and USAR. It provides regular updates on forest fires in Germany as well as news on fatalities (http://www.at-fire.de/lessons-learned or www.waldbrandunfälle.de)
German Committee for Disaster Reduction within the ISDR
The German Committee for Disaster Reduction (Deutsches Komitee für Katastrophenvorsorge DKKV) is a follow-up arrangement of the former German IDNDR Committee. With the transition of the UN International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR) most countries have established new committees under the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR). The DKKV homepage allows insight into the scope of work of the committee, its members (including the Scientific and Operative Advisory Boards) and regular news.
Integrated Fire Management Expert Group – IFMEG
IFMEG is a consortium of researchers and practitioners experienced in all aspects of fire management and provides services before, during and after wildland fires. IFMEG is an associated partner of the GFMC.
Lower Saxony: Aerial Fire Detection, Monitoring and Operations Support
The North German State of Lower Saxony one of the German states with a high risk of forest fires. For early fire detection, monitoring and coordination of operational fire fighting, the Lower Saxony Fire Services Association (Niedersächsischer Feuerwehrverband) owns and operates single-engine aircraft. These aircraft are staffed with a volunteer pilot, with a volunteer firefighter and a forest ranger deployed as aerial observers. Occasionally and workload permitting, the firefighter or the ranger take aerial images which are archived on the website.
National Obserbatory of Athens - Institute for Astronomy, and Astrophysics, Space Applications & Remote Sensing (IAASARS - NOA)
IAASARS/NOA (http://www.space.noa.gr/) has developed an MSG-SEVIRI based fire detection service. The supported functionalities are: (a) Real-time Fire Monitoring every 5 minutes, and (b) Past fire events retrieval and display (2007-Now). Active fires are displayed in: (a) Refined Mode (0.5Km x 0.5Km wide cell), and (b) Raw Mode (~3.5Km x 3.5Km wide cell, that is the Raw MSG-SEVIRI spatial resolution). Three background map layers are used for display: (1) LSO/VLSO Orthophoto maps of Ktimatologio S.A. (0.5m pixel size on the ground) (http://www.ktimatologio.gr/), (2) Google Earth, and (3) CORINE Land Cover (2000)
Trees for Greece
Trees for Greece is a private, independent initiative German-Greek registered in Germany. Objective of Trees for Greece is to initiate and realize projects for reforestation and recultivation of fallow and degraded lands in order to protect loss of soil and to restore the heritage of of historic and ecologically valuable cultural landscapes of Greece. The initiative includes the necessary measures in protecting the existing and recultivated from wildfires. Private persons, enterprises and institutions are encouraged to support this initiative.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org or phone: +49 941 4617 1389 (Germany).
Jewish National Fund (JNF) KKL
The Keren Kayemeth LeIsrael (KKL) of the Jewish National Fund (JNF) in Israel provides information on forest fires in Israel.
Corpo Forestale dello Stato
Il Corpo forestale dello Stato, istituito nel 1822, è una Forza di polizia a ordinamento civile, specializzata nella tutela del patrimonio naturale e paesaggistico e nella prevenzione e repressione dei reati in materia ambientale e agroalimentare. Concorre al mantenimento dell’ordine e della sicurezza pubblica con particolare riferimento alle aree rurali e montane. l Servizio Antincendi Boschivo del Corpo Forestale dello Stato è organizzato in una struttura centrale di coordinamento e da strutture operative, presenti in tutte le Regioni a statuto ordinario. For details see:
Reports and statistical data on forest fires:
This web site of the ESA/ESRIN offers the Fire Atlas, a product of the ATSR and AVHRR sensors. Fire events as recorded by the thermal sensors are provided for Africa, South America and South East Asia for the period 1992-1994. Active fire data from Indonesia of 1997 are additionally provided in this very well-done atlas.
The Earth Watching home page provides new satellite imagery related to disasters like flooding, volcanoes and fires. It gives a good overview of current events. From this web site the FIRE and the IGBP-DIS products can be accessed, along with an extensive list of publications and a bibliography
Association for Forest Development and Conservation (AFDC)
One of the main concerns of AFDC is to develop a working mechanism to prevent and fight forest fires on the national level involving the local community as the major stakeholder. Accordingly, and through its different Units, AFDC is creating a team of volunteers from local community members who are competent and well-trained to combat forest fires in the most important conservation areas.
Autoridade Nacional de Protecção Civil (ANPC)
The National Civil Protection Authority provides a real-time updated information portal on current wildfires in the country:
Instituto de Meteorologia (IM): Meorological Support to Forest Fire Prevention
The collaboration with the operational entities, in real time (normally from June to September), includes the following daily general information:
meteorological observations from the national station network; weather charts; national and regional weather forecast bulletins; satellite imagery; wind field forecast for 24 hours with 3 hours intervals. As specific information, the IM computes and delivers: forest fire danger index computed for about 60 meteorological stations; charts with forest fire risk classes by regions; charts with the forecast of forest fire danger indices tendency; weather bulletin for 48 hours forecast, specific for fire prevention.
Ministry of Agriculture, General Directorate for Forest Protection
A special forest fire website is available in the homepage (in Portuguese): http://www.afn.min-agricultura.pt/portal/dudf
Forest fire statistics
Núcleo de Investigação Científica de Incêndios Florestais
The website of the "Nucleus for the Scientific Investigation of Forest Fires" at the University of Coimbra provides information on forest fire research projects (in Portuguese).
The homepage of the National Aerial Fire Protection Branch "Avialesookhrana" of the Federal Forest Agency, Ministry of Natural Resource, Russian Federation, provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole territory of the Russian Federation. A more detailed website which provides background and history materials is available (in Russian only): http://www.nffc.aviales.ru/start/aviales/index_aviales.html
FOREST.RU – All About Russian Forests
This site is about Russian forests, their conservation and sustainable usage. The site is supported by a community of Russian environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs) united under the Russian NGOs Forest Club's umbrella.
News page with regular forest fire news: http://www.forest.ru/eng/news/
Fire Web page: http://www.forest.ru/eng/problems/fires/
Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory
This web site of the Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible. The sub web page (http://smis.iki.rssi.ru/dataserv/engl/fr97_d_e.htm) offers the up-to-date collection of fire detection imagery for the Russian Federation. An excellent site!
European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories (EARSeL)
Special Interest Group on Forest Fires (FF-SIG)
The University of Alcalá (Spain) hosts the web site of the EARSEL Special Interest Group on Forest Fires. The intention of the web site is to foster communication among members, by maintaining a web site where project results and papers can be disseminated, and personal links between researchers and student mobility be promoted.
Pau Costa Foundation
The Fire Ecology and Management Foundation Pau Costa Alcubierre (FPC) was born in January 2011, after a year of preparation, and with the ambition to be an information platform on forest fire management, as well as an instrument to divulge and investigate in fire ecology. The objectives are the research in the field of forest fire ecology, the creation of knowledge, tools and techniques for the management of forest fires, and the dissemination of this knowledge to the technical world through training and dissemination instruments.
Laboratorio de Teledetección
The laboratory has developed a forest fire risk index. Examples of 1999 for Spain and its neighbour countries are available at http://www.latuv.uva.es/incendios/incendios.html.
Unión de Selvicultores del Sur De Europa (USSE)
The initiative of the organizations of private forest proprietors form Galicia, Vasque Country and Aquitania, the USSE was created in 1989 and it reunites nowadays to foresters from Portugal to Greece, including Asturias, Navarre, Catalonia, Poitiu-charentes and Italy. Together they decided to be organized to unify 20 million hectares of forests, to conserve its forester patrimony. USSE makes be worth the economic and political weight of South European forests in the presence of Public Authorities. Key activities are related to forest fire protection.
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
The SEPA is the national authority which coordinates and promotes environmental work in- and outside Sweden. One of their objectives is the conservation and establishment of sustainable forests. As a part of this, forest fires are of interest for this agency. As a mean of public information, press releases are used to describe the danger of forest fires but also the positive effects of prescibed burning.
Swedish Rescue Services Agency (SRSA)
SRSA promotes practice that improves emergency prevention and response, and in the event of an incident/accident limits injury and damage. For wildland fire prevention SRSA in cooperation with the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) provides daily updated fire danger maps of Sweden. Sweden has adapted the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index (FWI) System as national standard. The forest fire and grassland fire danger maps, as well as soil moisture maps, are generated daily and can be accessed by clicking on brandrisken or directly on:
Wildfire Research Group
The Wildfire Research Group is part of the Spatial Data Handling Division of the Department of Geography at the University of Zurich (Switzerland). The Spatial Data Handling Division is active in a wide range of topics concerning spatial data handling, geographic information theory and applications as well as cartography. It is involved in various research programmes and projects including wildfire management, geographic information system, wildfire behaviour, wildfire effects, wildfire occurrence, and fire risk.
Regional Eastern European Fire Monitoring Center (REEFMC)
In 2013 the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Forestry and Park Management, in cooperation with the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) and the UNECE/FAO Team of Specialists on Forest Fire, financially supported by the Council of Europe (European and Mediterranean Major Hazards Agreement EUR-OPA), established the Regional Eastern European Fire Monitoring Center (REEFMC). The aim of the REEFMC is to conduct and coordinate wildland fire research, implement research results into fire management policies and practice in the interests of concerned ministries and specialized agencies of Ukraine and neighboring countries in Eastern Europe, provide information exchange in the field of wildland fires, provide information about latest technological advances in fire management and capacity building (training) and advisory services for developing fire management policies, and enhancing local and national fire management capabilities. The REEFMC is an activity of the Global Wildland Fire Network and particularly the Regional Eurasian Wildland Fire Network:
Ukrainian Land and Resource Management Center (ULRMC)
ULRMC operates as a Center of Excellence in Information Technologies and produces and provides commercially available geospatial information. Monitoring of wildland fires, including fire occurring on the radioactively contaminated zone around Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, is one of ULRMC activities. Maps of current wildfires can be a accessed directly at:
The Fire Beater website aims to raise awareness of the the importance of vegetation fires in land management and conservation in the British Isles and North-West Europe. It provides a bibliography on fire ecology, links to related sites along with access to the FireBeaters newsgroup.
Grampian Fire and Rescue Service
The Grampian Fire and Rescue Service, mandated by Her Majesty’s Fire Service Inspectorate for Scotland, is representing the Scottish Executive at the UNECE/FAO Team of Specialists on Forest Fire, the Global Wildland Fire Network and the International Technical Committee for the Prevention and Extinction of Fire (CTIF). The Grampian Fire and Rescue Service hosted the 2004 Wildfire Conference: