The following list of the most important Latin America
links is listed in alphabetical order.
GFMC readers are encouraged to provide update information on new links to the GFMC.
Regional | Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Guatemala | Mexico | Paraguay | Peru
Regional South America Wildland Fire Network
In June 2004 representatives of South American countries met in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, to formally establish partnerships and a regional network to enhance international cooperation in wildland fire management.
Network website at GFMC:
Red Latinoamericana de Teledetección e Incendios Forestales (RedLaTIF)
La Red Latinoamericana de Teledetección e Incendios Forestales (RedLaTIF) es una red regional que pretende unir esfuerzos en el campo de la observación y gestión de los incendios forestales en todos los países latinoamericanos. Esta Red está estrechamente unida al programa GOFC/GOLD-Fire (Global Observations of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics), la cual intenta contribuir en cumplir los objetivos de dicho programa.
Centro de Investigación y Extensión Forestal Andino Patagónico (CIEFAP)
The Patagonian Andes Forest Research and Extension Center CIEFAP is located in Esquel, Chubut Province. The homepage (in Spanish) introduces into the research activities. Fire research is conducted in the Thematic Area Forest Protection (Área de Protección Forestal)
and includes a research program (Programa de Investigación) on prescribed burning as silvicultural tool in commercial plantations (Uso del Fuego Prescripto como Práctica Silvicultural en Plantaciones Comerciales de Pinus taeda, P. ponderosa, P. eliottii y otras especies):
http://www.ciefap.org.ar/proyectos/proyectos.htm#Uso del Fuego Prescripto
Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales – CONAE
The National Commission for Space Activities (Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales - CONAE) provides regular updates on high-temperature events representing vegetation fires, current sire situation synthesis, LANDSAT images of very high quality, soil moisture and a list of detailed information of past fire events. Access to this information is facilitated in the GFMC web page “Current & Archived Significant Global Fire Events and Fire Season Summaries” (see current or archive events under “Fires in Brazil and Neighbouring Countries”.
Forest Fires in the Bariloche Region
A very personal, non-official view of the fire problem in the Andes near the city of Bariloche is provided by Daniel Barrios. The website contains numerous documents on fire incidents and includes maps and photographs. The website text is in Spanish.
National Fire Management Service, Argentina
Argentina´s National Fire Management Service (Servicio Nacional de Manejo del Fuego SNMF) is coordinated by the Secretariat of Environment and Sustainable Development (Secretaría de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable) . In Argentina, the provinces and National Parks Administration (APN) are in charge of prevention and fighting of wildland fires in there own jurisdiction. At national level, the SNMF integrates, coordinates and supports the actions taken by the provinces, the APN and the federal government.
Servicio Meteorologico Nacional
The National Meteorological Service of Argentina, Argentina Air Force, provides two fire indices that are updated daily at 18:00 UTC. Access (with translation) to these products are provided by the GFMC web page “Global, Regional and National Fire Weather and Climate Forecasts”, Argentina: Combustion Risk Index and Convectivity Index
Fire risk index for Argentina
Amazonia Sin Fuego (Amazonia Without Fire) – PASF Bolivia
YouTube channel: www.youtube.com/user/PASFBolivia
Monitoring of fires and burned areas reports in Bolivia
http://incendios.fan-bo.org (recommended explorer: Google Chrome)
Amazônia Sem Fogo – Amazonia without Fire
The objectives if this initiative is to built capacities in the sustainable development of Amazonia by promoting alternatives to the use of fire.
The Fire and Environmental Applications Research (FERA) Team and several brazilian counterparts are conducting the BRASILFIRE project. The following fire management topics are covered by the project: Fire Risk Assessment; Smoke Impact Assessment and the Ecological Role of Fire.
Brazilian Agricultural and Range Research Institute (Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária -Embrapa)
The Environmental Monitoring Center (NMA) of the Brazilian Agricultural and Range Research Institute (EMBRAPA) and the ECOFORCA team provide a searchable database of archived fire products on the base of NOAA AVHRR images starting 1991 (continuously updated). User instructions are given in English (for the Brazilian-Portuguese website please visit http://www.nma.embrapa.br/projetos/queimadas/.
The weekly maps are geocodified and analized by ECOFORCA - Research and Development, as for location of the burnings, their cause, types of land use burned, the resulting environmental impacts. For additional information of EMBRAPA's satellite monitoring capabilities see http://www.nma.embrapa.br/projetos/index.html (Brazilian-Portuguese website). Fire management options are given on http://www.nma.embrapa.br/projetos/qmd/tab_qmd.html (Brazilian-Portuguese website).
Brazilian National Institute for Space Research (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - INPE)
The Brazilian National Institute for Space Research (INPE) provides daily updated satellite imagery on fire events in Brazil. To directly view the fire products go to http://www.dsa.inpe.br. The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) is accessible on http://yabae.cptec.inpe.br/personal/metsat/ndvi/ndv_fram.htm. Near-real time observed and predicted fire risk maps are provided on http://www.cptec.inpe.br/products/queimadas/mriscogeral_mes_atual.html. This website includes maps on: maximum temperatures, accumulated precipitation, lowest (minimum) relative humidity, and active fires.
Colorado State University The Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology Team Advanced Meteorological Satellite Demonstration and Interpretation System (RAMSDIS)
The Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere, CIRA was established in 1980 to increase the effectiveness of atmospheric research in areas of mutual interest between the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Colorado State University and other groups. Current GOES images of Brazil Fires using an Experimental Fire Product are provided by automatic reloading every 5 minutes.
Curitiba Forest Fire Laboratory
The Forest Fire Laboratory of the Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil, was established in 1982 and focuses on fire research in forest ecosystem and the relationships between fire, flora and fauna. Research and development also deals with forest fire prevention and methods of fire suppression.
The ECOFORCE (ECOFORCA - a Brazilian NGO) and the EMBRAPA's Núcleo de Monitoramento Ambiental-NMA (Environmental Monitoring Center) provide fire maps on the base NOAA AVHRR data processed in Cachoeira Paulista and sent by the National Institute of Spatial Researches , via Internet, to NMA and to ECOFORCE. The weekly maps are geocoded and are searchable by week and region.
IBAMA - PREVFOGO
Prevfogo, the National Forest Fire Prevention and Suppression System (Sistema Nacional de Prevenção e Combate aos Incêndios Florestais) was created in 1989 under the coordination of the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Ressources (IBAMA) (Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Renováveis) to undertake activities of prevention, monitoring, management and suppression of forest and agricultural fires in Brazil, as well as to evaluate the effects on ecosystems, public health and the atmosphere. In 2001 Prevfogo changed into a Specialized Center inside the structure of IBAMA, with technical, administrative and financial autonomy, responsible for national policies on prevention and suppression of forest fires, including activities related to educational campaigns, training, monitoring, research and management of fires.
São Paulo University: Monitoring of Transport of Biomass Burning Emissions Over South America
The Atmospheric Sciences Department, University of São Paulo (Departamento de Ciencias Atmosfericas - Universidade de São Paulo) studies atmospheric transport of biomass burning emissions in the Amazon and Central Brazil through a numerical simulation using the atmospheric model RAMS-CSU (Regional Atmospheric Modeling System). A model of gases and particles source emissions is introduced, associated with biomass burning in South America tropical forest and savanna, spatially and temporally distributed and daily assimilated, according to the biomass burning spots defined by remote sensing (GOES-8 ABBA Preliminary Fire Products produced by UW-Madison CIMSS GOES Biomass Burning Monitoring Program, see http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/fire99.cgi). The advection, in a resolved scale, and turbulent transport, in a sub-grid scale, are resolved using RAMS model parameterizations. A transport sub-grid parameterization, associated to wet and deep circulation not explicitly resolved by the model, due ist low spatial resolution, is introduced. Sinks, associated with generic process of removal/transformation of gases/particles, are parameterized and introduced in the mass conservation equation. Products: Carbon Monoxide, Carbon Monoxide (Average at Column), number and size of fires.
Woods Hole Research Center
The Woods Hole Research Center located in Woodshole, Massachusetts, addresses the great issues of environment through scientific research and education and through applications of science in public affairs.The Center maintains continuing research projects in the tropical rainforest of Brazil, in the boreal forest of Siberia, a very well done section is dealing with the forest fires in Brazil. Extensive information on the fires are offered as well as a study dealing with fire risk maps, a very interesting site.
Corporación Nacional Forestal (CONAF)
The National Forest Coorporation has the mission to accomplish a sustainable use of forest ecosystems troughout Chile. It is engaged in different programmes, such as Protected Areas, Prevention and Combat of Wildland Fires, Environmental Education, Forest Legislation and Administration in general.
Sistema Nacional de Prevención y Control de Incendios Forestales (SIPECIF)
The National System for Prevention and Control of Woodland Fire was created by the Government of Guatemala in February 2001. It was created to coordinate the efforts in preventing, mitigating, controlling, and extinguishing woodland fires.
Comisión Nacional Forestal (CONAFOR)
The Mexico National Forest Comission.
Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad (CONABIO)
The México National Comission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (CONABIO) offers a daily updated website for the detection of wildland fires
Secretariat for Environment, Natural Resources and Fisheries (SEMARNAP)
This web site from the Secretariat for Evironment, Natural Resources and Fisheries serves as a very valuable source of data regarding forest fires in Mexico, including maps and forest fire statistics on the recent forest fires. The information on this site is provided in Spanish.
Cuerpo de Bomberos – Bomberos Forestales
En las muchas tareas que la Institución viene desarrollando hace mas de 27 años, uno de los puntos que recientemente contamos, es el sector Incendios Forestales. Algunos integrantes del cuerpo han participado a los cursos internacionales de España, Chile, Uruguay y asistieron en algunos incendios de grandes magnitudes.
International Machu Picchu Fire Protection Project
The International Machu Picchu Fire Protection Project is devoted to preserve the natural and archeological environment of Machu Picchu. This site had been damaged by serious wildfires in the past. The idea of the project is to generate a thought current in the global society that attends proactively in the prevention and education against forest fires in the region, to implement the Incident Command System, to integrate to different organizations, public, private, voluntary and professionals that respond to incidents, train professional teams that respond to forest incidents in the region, and develop the necessary logistics for an appropriate administration of incidents. The GFMC strongly endorses the aim of the project. The English version of the website can be accessed at:http://www.desastres.org/machupicchu/index-en.htm