The following list of the most important Asia links is
listed in alphabetical order.
GFMC readers are encouraged to provide update information on new links to the GFMC.
Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing, and Processing, Singapore
CRISP offers a database with SPOT, ERS and Radarsat Images of the South East Asian region covering the forest fire episode of 1997/98. It also providedes a special feature on forest fires and haze in South East Asia.
China - Forest Fire Warning and Monitoring Information Center
The Forestry Public Security Bureau (Forest Fire Management Office) of the State Forestry Administration was established in 1998 under the dual leaderships performed by both the State Forestry Administration (SFA) and Ministry of Public Affairs. The Forest Fire Warning and Monitoring Information Center (FFWMIC) of SFA was established in October 2002. The Center has 4 departments: Office department, Warning department, Monitoring department and Information department. The main responsibilities of FFWMIC are as follows: to carry out nationwide satellite fire monitoring work; to manage the network system; to produce forest fire forecasts and forest fire statistics; to supervise the dispatch of forestry police and fire guards; to collect, edit and publish information on forestry police and fire management; to establish and manage information database and archives; to organize professional training for computer management and software development personnel from various provinces(autonomous regions or municipalities).
China - Tropical Forest Fire Monitoring and Management System
The Tropical Forest Fire Monitoring and Management System Based on Satellite Remote Sensing Data in China is operated by the Research Institute of Forest Resources Information Techniques, Chinese Academy of Forestry. Established with the support of ITTO the System consists of a number of Sub-systems that include among other (a) Databases, (b) Forest Fire Danger Forecasting Sub-system, (c) Satellite Remote Sensing Monitoring system, (d) Fire Information Management.
The CIFOR home page offers an overview of the CIFOR activities and projects, statements and recommendations on tropical forestry issues as well as publications like CIFOR News and others. The CIFOR Fire web page contains update information, archived fire activity maps, and CIFOR’s fire research projects: http://www.cifor.cgiar.org/fire/
Forest Fire Prevention Management Project 2 in Indonesia
The Ministry of Forest and Estate Crops in Indonesia and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) began a technical cooperation program in the field of forest fire prevention as “Forest Fire Prevention Management Project (FFPMP)” in 1996 and ended in 2001. FFPMP has contributed the development of technologies for early warning and detection, improvement of participants of forest fire prevention and management, and training for initial fire suppression. The second phase FFPMP II started 15 April 2001 and it is expected to be completed in 2006. For the wide extension and applicability of project’s outcome, four national parks are selected as field sites, which have various features of their topography and biology. The national parks are Bukit Tiga Puluh, Berbak, Way Kambas in Sumatra, and Gunung Palung in Kalimatan. FFPMP II supports participatory forest fire suppression, initial forest fire suppression and early warning and detection, and extension and public relation. The website includes, among other, a web page with daily and monthly maps of fire locations in Indonesia depicted by NOAA AVHRR and cloud maps derived from the geostationary satellite HIMAWARI. For direct access to this fire monitoring web page see: http://ewds-ffpmp2.hp.infoseek.co.jp/ewds/menu/eindex.htm
This site is dedicated to haze and smoke on a global level. Air pollution indices and health-related information are provided for several Southeast Asian countries along with various satellite imageries and weather forecasts. It provides detailed links to sites covering haze and forest fires in other countries. The site has a good selection of journal and newspaper coverage of the 1997-98 fire and smoke-haze episode. Very informative site!
India - Government of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests
The Annual Report 1999-2000 includes a brief description of the Modern Forest Fire Control Methods (http://envfor.nic.in/report/report.html). The centrally sponsored scheme Introduction of Modern Forest Fire Control Methods launched during the 8th Five-Year Plan, continued to be implemented during the year with the following objectives
- to control forest fires with a view to protect and conserve both natural and man made forests
- to improve productivity of forest by reducing the incidents and extent of forest fires
- to devise, test and demonstrate principles and techniques for prevention, detection and suppression of forest fires.
Orientation and training of personnel for participation in forest fire management: Under this scheme, 100% central assistance is provided to the States for capacity building to control forest fires. This scheme is being implemented in eleven states of the country.
Indonesia: East Kalimantan Fire Management Agency
The East Kalimantan Fire Management Agency was established as an outcome of the Integrated Forest Fire Management (IFFM) project which was a 10-years bilateral development project in the province of East Kalimantan, Indonesia, sponsored by Germany and backstopped by the GFMC between 1994 and 2004. The project developed a valuable on-site source for forest fires in Indonesia, including NOAA AVHRR derived maps displaying active wildfires and land-use fires burning in East Kalimantan. In addition fire-danger rating for the project area was published on a regular basis and provided accurate and precise information for East Kalimantan and adjoining Indonesian provinces on Borneo island.
Integrated Forest Fire Management Project (IFFM) (Indonesian-German Technical Cooperation)
The Integrated Forest Fire Management (IFFM) project was a 10-years bilateral development project in the province of East Kalimantan, Indonesia, sponsored by Germany and backstopped by the GFMC between 1994 and 2004. The project developed a valuable on-site source for forest fires in Indonesia, including NOAA AVHRR derived maps displaying active wildfires and land-use fires burning in East Kalimantan. In addition fire-danger rating for the project area was published on a regular basis and provided accurate and precise information for East Kalimantan and adjoining Indonesian provinces on Borneo island. The project transited to the East Kalimantan Fire Management Agency:
International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO)
The International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) was created by treaty in 1983 and its headquarters was established in Yokohama, Japan, in late 1986. The primary idea is to provide an effective framework for consultation among producer and consumer member countries on all aspects of the world timber economy within its mandate. One of the activities of the ITTO was the publication of the ITTO Guidelines on Fire Management in Tropical Forests (1997), followed by a number of projects. The Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) acted as main author of the guidelines. A special ITTO-Fire website has been established at the GFMC and includes the guidelines and several reports: http://www.fire.uni-freiburg.de/programmes/itto/itto_start.htm
Korea Forest Service
The Korea Forest Service, Republic of Korea, maintains an extensive homepage on forests and forest management in the country. A special folder Forest Protection contains information on forest fires and is found under the section Major Forest Activities. Statistical data on forest fires are provided for the period 1993-97.
The web site of the Indonesian National Remote Sensing Centre contains satellite imagery and predicted drought areas in Indonesia.
Meteorological Service of Singapore
The Meteorological Service of Singapore provides a comprehensive web page on weather, haze and forest fires. Satelltie imagery as well as the latest Pollutant Standards Index (PSI) readings are published on a day-to-day basis.
Nepal: Firefighters volunteer Association of Nepal (FAN)
Firefighters volunteer Association of Nepal (FAN) is a non-governmental, service-oriented and non-profit organization. It has been established in the year 2000 with objectives of creating awareness among the public about fire and other disasters and drawing attention of the concerned authorities on this matter. FAN is committed to work for the betterment of the fire fighters to become efficient and good enough for solving disaster problems in the country. FAN shares idea and knowledge by organizing training, seminar etc. with the assistance from different individuals and organizations. FAN studies the prevailing fire and other disaster service systems, disaster prevention technique, fire equipment and operational procedures in the international scenario and works towards bringing those into Nepal if possible.
Thailand: Forest Fire Control Division
The Forest Fire Control Division operates under the Department for National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conversation. The website (in Thai language) provides comprehensive information on the organization, cooperation partner, history of the organization, national policies, basics on fire occurrence and a detailed and comprehensive wildland fire database starting with the year 2542 (= 1999):
The website also includes a wildland fire glossary in Thai and English:
Trade and Environment Database (TED): Case Study on Indonesian Fires
The TED Projects In 1990, the TED (Trade and Environment Database) projects began as an effort to develop an inventory of case studies concerned with trade and environment issues. The effort recognized the important problems and issues in this area, but they lack a basis for common comparison and contrast. To abet these efforts, since then several hundred categorical case studies have been undertaken and made available in print and on a site on the World Wide Web. These cases studies are reports and coded documents that cover 28 categories of legal, trade, geographic, and environment information relevant to the case. Case Study No. 472 deals with the effects of Forest Fires in Indonesia.
USDA Forest Service
The US Forest Service Engineering Department provides maps of various fires which burned in Indonesia in the fire season 1997. The fires are drawn on topographic maps and give a good impression of the fire activities of 1997.