GFMC: Fire Management Glossaries

FAO / GFMC Wildland Fire Management Terminology

In 1999 the Global Fire Monitoring Center was entrusted by the FAO to develop an update of the 1986 version of the FAO Wildland Fire Management Terminology. The revised version with English definitions and partial translation to French, Spanish, and German (see: editorial remarks) is now available (December 2003):

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Russian and Mongolian added in 2008 and further refined / upgraded in 2014

As a follow-up of the First International Central Asian Wildland Fire Joint Conference and Consultation “Wildland Fires in Natural Ecosystems of the Central Asian Region: Ecology and Management Implications” (2-6 June 2008, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia), and at the occasion of the International Conference on Cross-Border Fires (16-18 June 2010, Irkutsk, Russian Federation) the GFMC launched the first version of the English - Russian - Mongolian - German glossary:

In preparation of the establishment of the Regional Central Asia Fire Management Resource Center (RCAFMRC) in 2015 and for the facilitation of the Mongolian-Russian cooperation in cross-border fire management a detailed fire management terminology in Mongolian language was developed and the Russian version upgraded by Mongolian and Russian fire specialists and the GFMC in 2014. Printed copies of this GFMC publication are available upon request in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. For the digital version click on the envelope:

European Glossary for Wildfires and Forest Fires

A major outcome of the European Forest Fire Networks Project (EUFOFINET), an INTERREG IVC (project duration: October 2010 - December 2012) was the production of the European Glossary for Wildfires and Forest Fires. This online version has an updated index (compared to the print version of the first edition, October 2012)

European Glossary for Wildfires and Forest Fires (status: 09 January 2013; PDF, 10 MB)

Other Online Fire Terminologies

FireWords (by Systems for Environmental Management and Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory)

U.S. Forest Service Online Fire Management Glossary:

Glossary of Wildland Fire Terminology (US National Wildfire Coordination Group, Incident Operations Standards Working Team, published in 1996 and 2006):

Australasian Fire Authorities Council (AFAC) Updated Wildfire Glossary (2012):

Tall Timbers Research Station (Florida, USA) offers the E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database which contains the E. V. Komarek Fire Ecology Thesaurus:

The Forest Fire Control Division, Department for National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conversation, Thailand, provides a Thai-English Wildland Fire Terminology:

The German Fire Protection Association (GFPA) has produced a trilingual (German, English, French) web-based fire protection terminology:


Other online forestry and environmental glossaries, dictionaries and encyclopaedias

Terminology Collection - Word Online „Forestry“ – an excellent related terminology:

University of Wuerzburg website with links to important related environmental glossaries, dictionaries and encyclopaedias: