Gobierno responde a cuestionamientos por contratación de servicios aéreos para combatir incendios
09 February 2017
published by http://hoyentv.com
Spain / Chile — Así calificó el senador indenpendiente y precandidato
presidencial Manuel José Ossandón la situación revelada por el reportaje "Cartel
del Fuego", elaborado por el equipo de investigación de Ahora Noticias, que dejó
al descubierto las acusaciones por colusión, tráfico de influencias y otros
delitos, que pesan sobre las empresas españolas contratadas por Chile para el
combate de incendios forestales.
El modus operandi era que una de las postulantes ofrecía el máximo dinero dispuesto a pagar. Transformándose en las que se adjudican la gran parte de los contratos. "Eran contratos que estaban hechos a la medida".
Las tres compañías mantienen contratos vigentes con la Corporación Nacional Forestal (Conaf) y la Oficina Nacional de Emergencia del Ministerio del Interior y Seguridad Pública (Onemi). Según el reportaje, los contratos entre las tres empresas investigadas y Conaf ascienden a $2.000 millones al año, más $1 millón 800 mil por cada hora adicional de vuelo en el caso de una emergencia.
Mientras que en 2015, Conaf contrató directamente a Martínez Ridao en Valparaíso y La Araucanía por $760 millones.
"Cuando asumí en la Conaf, Faasa ya era un actor que participaba de Conaf, estamos hablando de 2010, nunca nos saltó que ellos hubiesen tenido algún problema en ese tiempo y era una empresa, que como ya estaba funcionando en Chile hace tiempo, no habíamos tenido ningún problema", afirmó Eduardo Vial, director de Conaf entre 2010 y 2014.
Pese a que ya pasó lo peor de la emergencia provocada por los incendios forestales en Chile, la Corporación Nacional Forestal (Conaf) no ha querido desmovilizar a la totalidad de sus brigadistas ante la posibilidad de que se generen nuevos focos o rebrotes de llamas en algunos sectores, sobre todo considerando las altas temperaturas que se prevén para los próximos días.
En el texto al que el noticiario tuvo acceso, se explica que las tres compañías, en conjunto con otras seis, se coludieron en España para ganar las licitaciones públicas de forma fraudulenta, con precios abultados y sobornando a autoridades para ganar los concursos.
"Una vez que CONAF solicita el tipo específico de apoyo aéreo para atender a una emergencia, se realiza un llamado a todos los proveedores del mercado, de acuerdo a términos de referencia para estas aeronaves que incluyen todas las autorizaciones requeridas por Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil (DGAC)", explicaron.
Respecto a lo anterior, Onemi señaló que "conforme a la Ley de Compras Públicas, sólo existe prohibición de contratar proveedores que hayan tenido condenas por prácticas antisindicales o por violación a los derechos de los trabajadores".
Por lo tanto, agregan, "cualquier eliminación de un proveedor por motivos diferente a lo anteriormente expuesto, configuraría un trato discriminatorio y contrario al principio de igualdad a los oferentes que rige el sistema de compras del Estado".
English version of the news. Note: the news has been translated by Google translator.
Government responds to questions about contracting air services to fight fires
This is how the independent and presidential candidate Manuel José Ossandón
described the situation revealed by the report "Cartel del Fuego", prepared by
the investigation team of Ahora Noticias, which exposed the accusations of
collusion, influence peddling and other crimes, which Weigh on the Spanish
companies contracted by Chile to combat forest fires.
The modus operandi was that one of the applicants offered the maximum money willing to pay. Becoming the ones that are awarded the great part of the contracts. "They were contracts that were tailor-made."
The three companies have contracts with the National Forestry Corporation (Conaf) and the National Emergency Office of the Ministry of Interior and Public Security (Onemi). According to the report, the contracts between the three companies investigated and Conaf amount to $ 2 billion a year, plus $ 1 million 800 thousand for each additional hour of flight in case of an emergency.
While in 2015, Conaf directly hired Martínez Ridao in Valparaíso and La Araucanía for $ 760 million.
"When I took over at Conaf, Faasa was already an actor who was part of Conaf, we are talking about 2010, we never jumped that they had a problem at the time and it was a company, We had no problem, "said Eduardo Vial, director of Conaf between 2010 and 2014.
Despite the fact that the worst of the forest fires in Chile has passed, the National Forestry Corporation (Conaf) has not wanted to demobilize all of its brigadistas in the face of the possibility of new outbreaks or outbreaks of flames in some Sectors, especially considering the high temperatures expected for the next few days.
In the text to which the news had access, explains that the three companies, together with six others, colluded in Spain to win public tenders fraudulently, with bulky prices and bribing authorities to win the contests.
"Once CONAF requests the specific type of air support to attend an emergency, a call is made to all market providers, according to terms of reference for these aircraft that include all the authorizations required by the Directorate General of Civil Aeronautics (DGAC), "they explained.
Regarding the above, Onemi said that "under the Public Procurement Law, there is only a ban on hiring providers who have had convictions for anti-union practices or for violating workers' rights."
Therefore, they add, "any elimination of a supplier for reasons other than the above would constitute discriminatory treatment and contrary to the principle of equality of bidders that governs the system of purchases of the State."
In total, they are willing to pay US$643.5 million (RM2.8 billion) a year — large enough to make a “substantive impact on the problem” if used for land conservation and restoration, the researchers state in a paper published in February’s issue of the journal, Environmental Research Letters.
The paper’s authors, Yuan Lin, Lahiru Wijedasa and Dr Ryan Chisholm, wrote: “Our results indicate that Singaporeans experience sufficiently negative impacts of air pollution (in) their day-to-day life, or personal health during haze periods, that they are willing to trade off personal financial gain for improvements in air quality.”
Transboundary haze is a long-standing problem in the South-east Asian region, largely caused by the drainage of carbon-rich peatland as well as companies and farmers in Indonesia using fire to clear land.
Singapore experienced its worst haze episode in 2015 from September to November, with the Pollutant Standards Index hitting hazardous levels.
Since then, Indonesia has renewed efforts to prevent fires, although a state of emergency was declared last month in Riau province over forest and land fires.
The economic impact of haze pollution here has been estimated using cost-benefit analysis before, but the researchers said that the figures could be an under-estimate because they exclude impacts — such as non-hospitalisable health effects — that are difficult to infer from economic data.
The 2015 haze episode was estimated to have cost Singapore S$700 million (RM2.19 billion) in losses.
The NUS researchers surveyed 390 people in public areas from November 2015 to February 2016 on their willingness to pay, should the Singapore Government be able to guarantee good air quality year-round.
The participants, from various age and income groups, were given options ranging from 0.05 per cent to 5 per cent of their annual income, after they indicated if they were willing to support such a haze mitigation fund.
The average person’s willingness to pay was an estimated 0.97 per cent of his/her annual income.
However, about three in 10 respondents were unwilling to pay even the minimum option of 0.05 per cent of their annual income.
Wijedasa said that one of the solutions proposed for the haze problem is payments for ecosystem services.
“This could take the form of richer nations aiding better land management and restoration by making regular payments.
“Indonesia has estimated that it needs US$2.1 billion to help restore two million hectares of peatland in (the country). They have currently only received US$50 million from Norway and US$17 million from the United States.
"Could this shortfall be filled by Singapore (and other countries in the region)?”
Tan Yi Han, who is not involved in the study and is co-founder of non-governmental organisation People’s Movement to Stop Haze, said that the findings are helpful and “should motivate the Singapore Government to spend on measures to prevent haze, such as a subsidy on certified sustainable palm oil, as well as aid to support peat restoration and protection efforts in Indonesia”.
His organisation’s survey last year found that more than nine in 10 respondents were willing to pay more for certified sustainable products to help mitigate the haze, Tan said.
Most were willing to pay 5 to 10 per cent more.
Consumers game to chip in to avoid any haze include Steven Lim, who is in his 40s and self-employed. How much he is willing to contribute would depend on the amount needed to make an impact.
“Maybe S$10? Multiplied by many individuals, it would be a lot,” Lim said, preferring that the money goes to the Indonesian government.- See more at: http://www.themalaymailonline.com/money/article/singaporeans-willing-to-fork-out-1pc-of-income-to-ensure-no-more-haze#sthash.CRhWHQHj.dpuf