UPDATE: Residents allowed back in homes after Jupiter brush fire
11 February 2017
published by http://www.palmbeachpost.com
USA — Fire crews have extinguished hotspots from a brush fire in a nature
preserve in Jupiter, according to Palm Beach County Fire Rescue.
The preserve, near Marquette Drive and Botanica Drive, is just south of the Jupiter Lakes Townhomes community. One of the buildings there was evacuated for about three hours after fire came about 90 feet away, said Capt. Albert Borroto, spokesman for the agency.
Crews cleared the fire just before 4:30 p.m., and all residents were allowed back into their homes, he said.
“I’m glad the first responders are here. You appreciate them more when it’s your home,” local resident Daniel Harris told The Post.
The Florida Forest Service brought in tracked vehicles to fight the fire. Borroto said county firefighters had a difficult fighting the fire because even though much of the brush was dry, much of the ground remained too wet for conventional firefighting vehicles to get closer. Gusty winds helped rekindle portions of the blaze that had been out, he said.
Firefighters arrived at 9:20 a.m. but had a hard time beating the growth of the fire, which eventually scorched about 15 to 20 acres, he said.
“We got the call at 9:20 this morning, and we got there. It was still relatively small, a few acres in size, rapidly spreading because of the wind. And that’s what was really challenging for the fire crews, the wind just kept whipping the fire around,” Borroto said.
The Red Cross brought water to the crews fighting the fire, while Culver’s Restaurant donated burgers and other food.
Jupiter police officers also helped at the scene. Smoke from the blaze could be seen from Trump National Golf Club in Jupiter.
President Donald Trump was playing golf there this morning with Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe, while First Lady Melania Trump and Abe’s wife Akie took a walking tour of the Morikami Japanese gardens in Delray Beach.
In total, they are willing to pay US$643.5 million (RM2.8 billion) a year — large enough to make a “substantive impact on the problem” if used for land conservation and restoration, the researchers state in a paper published in February’s issue of the journal, Environmental Research Letters.
The paper’s authors, Yuan Lin, Lahiru Wijedasa and Dr Ryan Chisholm, wrote: “Our results indicate that Singaporeans experience sufficiently negative impacts of air pollution (in) their day-to-day life, or personal health during haze periods, that they are willing to trade off personal financial gain for improvements in air quality.”
Transboundary haze is a long-standing problem in the South-east Asian region, largely caused by the drainage of carbon-rich peatland as well as companies and farmers in Indonesia using fire to clear land.
Singapore experienced its worst haze episode in 2015 from September to November, with the Pollutant Standards Index hitting hazardous levels.
Since then, Indonesia has renewed efforts to prevent fires, although a state of emergency was declared last month in Riau province over forest and land fires.
The economic impact of haze pollution here has been estimated using cost-benefit analysis before, but the researchers said that the figures could be an under-estimate because they exclude impacts — such as non-hospitalisable health effects — that are difficult to infer from economic data.
The 2015 haze episode was estimated to have cost Singapore S$700 million (RM2.19 billion) in losses.
The NUS researchers surveyed 390 people in public areas from November 2015 to February 2016 on their willingness to pay, should the Singapore Government be able to guarantee good air quality year-round.
The participants, from various age and income groups, were given options ranging from 0.05 per cent to 5 per cent of their annual income, after they indicated if they were willing to support such a haze mitigation fund.
The average person’s willingness to pay was an estimated 0.97 per cent of his/her annual income.
However, about three in 10 respondents were unwilling to pay even the minimum option of 0.05 per cent of their annual income.
Wijedasa said that one of the solutions proposed for the haze problem is payments for ecosystem services.
“This could take the form of richer nations aiding better land management and restoration by making regular payments.
“Indonesia has estimated that it needs US$2.1 billion to help restore two million hectares of peatland in (the country). They have currently only received US$50 million from Norway and US$17 million from the United States.
"Could this shortfall be filled by Singapore (and other countries in the region)?”
Tan Yi Han, who is not involved in the study and is co-founder of non-governmental organisation People’s Movement to Stop Haze, said that the findings are helpful and “should motivate the Singapore Government to spend on measures to prevent haze, such as a subsidy on certified sustainable palm oil, as well as aid to support peat restoration and protection efforts in Indonesia”.
His organisation’s survey last year found that more than nine in 10 respondents were willing to pay more for certified sustainable products to help mitigate the haze, Tan said.
Most were willing to pay 5 to 10 per cent more.
Consumers game to chip in to avoid any haze include Steven Lim, who is in his 40s and self-employed. How much he is willing to contribute would depend on the amount needed to make an impact.
“Maybe S$10? Multiplied by many individuals, it would be a lot,” Lim said, preferring that the money goes to the Indonesian government.- See more at: http://www.themalaymailonline.com/money/article/singaporeans-willing-to-fork-out-1pc-of-income-to-ensure-no-more-haze#sthash.CRhWHQHj.dpuf