Declaran alerta roja por incendio forestal en parque nacional conguillío
15 February 2017
published by http://hoyentv.com
Chile — El siniestro se desarrolla al interior del Parque
Nacional Conguillío ubicado en la región de La Araucanía.
Por esta razón, la Conaf ha solicitado a la Onemi y la intendencia que se active una Alerta Roja para la comuna de Melipeuco.
Según explicaron los organismos técnicos, el incendio ocurre dentro del Parque Nacional Conguillío y la alerta roja está vigente a contar desde el martes y hasta que las condiciones del incendio así lo ameriten. De esta forma, se actuará para controlar la situación, dada la extensión y severidad del evento.
Cabe destacar que por la situación de los incendios forestales en la Región de La Araucanía, se mantiene la alerta temprana preventiva para el resto de la zona.
Asimismo, brigadas terrestres de la Conaf recorren el lugar para combatir posibles focos que tendrían su origen producto de los rayos tras las tormentas eléctricas que afectan al sector cordillerano.
English version of the news. Note: the news has been translated by Google translator.
Red alert declared for forest fire in national park conguillío
The incident takes place inside the National Park Conguillío located in the
region of La Araucanía.
For this reason, the Conaf has asked the Onemi and the Intendance to activate a Red Alert for the commune of Melipeuco.
According to the technical agencies, the fire occurs inside the National Park Conguillío and the red alert is in effect from Tuesday and until the conditions of the fire so warrant. In this way, we will act to control the situation, given the extent and severity of the event.
It should be noted that due to the situation of forest fires in the Araucanía Region, early warning is maintained for the rest of the area.
Likewise, land brigades of the Conaf cross the place to fight possible foci that would have their origin due to the rays after the electrical storms that affect the cordillerano sector.
In total, they are willing to pay US$643.5 million (RM2.8 billion) a year — large enough to make a “substantive impact on the problem” if used for land conservation and restoration, the researchers state in a paper published in February’s issue of the journal, Environmental Research Letters.
The paper’s authors, Yuan Lin, Lahiru Wijedasa and Dr Ryan Chisholm, wrote: “Our results indicate that Singaporeans experience sufficiently negative impacts of air pollution (in) their day-to-day life, or personal health during haze periods, that they are willing to trade off personal financial gain for improvements in air quality.”
Transboundary haze is a long-standing problem in the South-east Asian region, largely caused by the drainage of carbon-rich peatland as well as companies and farmers in Indonesia using fire to clear land.
Singapore experienced its worst haze episode in 2015 from September to November, with the Pollutant Standards Index hitting hazardous levels.
Since then, Indonesia has renewed efforts to prevent fires, although a state of emergency was declared last month in Riau province over forest and land fires.
The economic impact of haze pollution here has been estimated using cost-benefit analysis before, but the researchers said that the figures could be an under-estimate because they exclude impacts — such as non-hospitalisable health effects — that are difficult to infer from economic data.
The 2015 haze episode was estimated to have cost Singapore S$700 million (RM2.19 billion) in losses.
The NUS researchers surveyed 390 people in public areas from November 2015 to February 2016 on their willingness to pay, should the Singapore Government be able to guarantee good air quality year-round.
The participants, from various age and income groups, were given options ranging from 0.05 per cent to 5 per cent of their annual income, after they indicated if they were willing to support such a haze mitigation fund.
The average person’s willingness to pay was an estimated 0.97 per cent of his/her annual income.
However, about three in 10 respondents were unwilling to pay even the minimum option of 0.05 per cent of their annual income.
Wijedasa said that one of the solutions proposed for the haze problem is payments for ecosystem services.
“This could take the form of richer nations aiding better land management and restoration by making regular payments.
“Indonesia has estimated that it needs US$2.1 billion to help restore two million hectares of peatland in (the country). They have currently only received US$50 million from Norway and US$17 million from the United States.
"Could this shortfall be filled by Singapore (and other countries in the region)?”
Tan Yi Han, who is not involved in the study and is co-founder of non-governmental organisation People’s Movement to Stop Haze, said that the findings are helpful and “should motivate the Singapore Government to spend on measures to prevent haze, such as a subsidy on certified sustainable palm oil, as well as aid to support peat restoration and protection efforts in Indonesia”.
His organisation’s survey last year found that more than nine in 10 respondents were willing to pay more for certified sustainable products to help mitigate the haze, Tan said.
Most were willing to pay 5 to 10 per cent more.
Consumers game to chip in to avoid any haze include Steven Lim, who is in his 40s and self-employed. How much he is willing to contribute would depend on the amount needed to make an impact.
“Maybe S$10? Multiplied by many individuals, it would be a lot,” Lim said, preferring that the money goes to the Indonesian government.- See more at: http://www.themalaymailonline.com/money/article/singaporeans-willing-to-fork-out-1pc-of-income-to-ensure-no-more-haze#sthash.CRhWHQHj.dpuf