Forest fire in nanda devi biosphere and munsiyari
18 February 2017
published by http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com
India — DEHRADUN: Around one hectare of Nanda Devi Biosphere and few meadows
in Munsiyari near Pithoragarh have been burnt in a recent forest fire. Rajender
Mahajan, head of the forest force (HOFF), said that forest officials and staff
were "preoccupied in election work but now, the task of clearing fire lines and
initiating control burning will start at war level in order to check fires." In
an unprecedented forest forest last year, Uttrakhand had seen close to 4000
hectares of forests raged last year. Six people lost their lives in the inferno.
According to sources, there had been few recent incidents of forest fire in the revenue village outside the Nanda Devi reserve but in last couple of years, however one such fire raged inside the Nanda Devi Biosphere has burnt one hectare of area. The fire is under control now.
Kavi Dayal, conservator of forests at Nanda Devi Biosphere told TOI, "Our entire staff with official had gone for election duty when this fire incident happened which has been controlled now. It is difficult to ascertain who ignited the fire in the unmanned forests at that point. Divisional forest official will give me report is regard.."
He said, the controlled fire burning procedure to remove all the inflammatory leaves and other forestry stuff has been conducted. The area around the plants and trees too have been cleared. The wireless sets have been repaired and fire watchers have been deputed. He said, his own staff is almost ready to fight out any fire incident.
According to IP Singh, chief conservator of Pithoragarh, the fire encapsulating the meadows of Munsiyari is the civil soyam and van panchayat area which has to be manned by their personal and, the forest department do not have wherewithal to take care of such land which is double the area of reserve forest . However he clarified that it is migratory communities who are coming back to these meadows as the snow has melted and, are burning the area to clear it for their own use. But there are other sources who informed that fire has deliberately been raged in the meadows by locals and poachers to make the animals come out of their hides for poaching.
In total, they are willing to pay US$643.5 million (RM2.8 billion) a year — large enough to make a “substantive impact on the problem” if used for land conservation and restoration, the researchers state in a paper published in February’s issue of the journal, Environmental Research Letters.
The paper’s authors, Yuan Lin, Lahiru Wijedasa and Dr Ryan Chisholm, wrote: “Our results indicate that Singaporeans experience sufficiently negative impacts of air pollution (in) their day-to-day life, or personal health during haze periods, that they are willing to trade off personal financial gain for improvements in air quality.”
Transboundary haze is a long-standing problem in the South-east Asian region, largely caused by the drainage of carbon-rich peatland as well as companies and farmers in Indonesia using fire to clear land.
Singapore experienced its worst haze episode in 2015 from September to November, with the Pollutant Standards Index hitting hazardous levels.
Since then, Indonesia has renewed efforts to prevent fires, although a state of emergency was declared last month in Riau province over forest and land fires.
The economic impact of haze pollution here has been estimated using cost-benefit analysis before, but the researchers said that the figures could be an under-estimate because they exclude impacts — such as non-hospitalisable health effects — that are difficult to infer from economic data.
The 2015 haze episode was estimated to have cost Singapore S$700 million (RM2.19 billion) in losses.
The NUS researchers surveyed 390 people in public areas from November 2015 to February 2016 on their willingness to pay, should the Singapore Government be able to guarantee good air quality year-round.
The participants, from various age and income groups, were given options ranging from 0.05 per cent to 5 per cent of their annual income, after they indicated if they were willing to support such a haze mitigation fund.
The average person’s willingness to pay was an estimated 0.97 per cent of his/her annual income.
However, about three in 10 respondents were unwilling to pay even the minimum option of 0.05 per cent of their annual income.
Wijedasa said that one of the solutions proposed for the haze problem is payments for ecosystem services.
“This could take the form of richer nations aiding better land management and restoration by making regular payments.
“Indonesia has estimated that it needs US$2.1 billion to help restore two million hectares of peatland in (the country). They have currently only received US$50 million from Norway and US$17 million from the United States.
"Could this shortfall be filled by Singapore (and other countries in the region)?”
Tan Yi Han, who is not involved in the study and is co-founder of non-governmental organisation People’s Movement to Stop Haze, said that the findings are helpful and “should motivate the Singapore Government to spend on measures to prevent haze, such as a subsidy on certified sustainable palm oil, as well as aid to support peat restoration and protection efforts in Indonesia”.
His organisation’s survey last year found that more than nine in 10 respondents were willing to pay more for certified sustainable products to help mitigate the haze, Tan said.
Most were willing to pay 5 to 10 per cent more.
Consumers game to chip in to avoid any haze include Steven Lim, who is in his 40s and self-employed. How much he is willing to contribute would depend on the amount needed to make an impact.
“Maybe S$10? Multiplied by many individuals, it would be a lot,” Lim said, preferring that the money goes to the Indonesian government.- See more at: http://www.themalaymailonline.com/money/article/singaporeans-willing-to-fork-out-1pc-of-income-to-ensure-no-more-haze#sthash.CRhWHQHj.dpuf