Autoridades tomaron la calculadora y sacaron costos…esto gastaron en los incendios forestales
19 February 2017
published by http://hoyentv.com
Chile — Esta tarde, el director ejecutivo de Conaf, Aarón Cavieres,
entregó el balance final sobre los incendios forestales que consumieron más de
467 mil hectáreas del centro sur de nuestro país.
En el informe entregado se hizo un resumen y se especificó que la emergencia comenzó el 18 de enero y finalizó el 5 de febrero. Este balance, que excluye a los incendios de las regiones Metropolitana, Valparaíso y de la Araucanía, reveló que la superficie afectada fue de 467 mil hectáreas y fueron 170 las brigadas que trabajaron en su combate. Además se puntualizó que afectó a las regiones de O'Higgins, Maule y Biobío.
Los días más críticos fueron el 26 y 27 de enero.
Tras los siniestros -donde quedaron más de mil damnificados y un total de 11 muertos-, se generó un costo total de este catastro de $17 mil 404 millones, según información de Conaf.
Estados Unidos donó mil equipos de seguridad para los brigadistas de la Corporación Nacional Forestal (CONAF) y Bomberos de Chile. Señaló que el 26 de enero pasado se registró el peak de la emergencia con 120 focos de incendio entre Coquimbo y el Biobío.
Otro factor que midió la Conaf fue el impacto ambiental que generó el incendio y uno de los datos que resulta más preocupante es que durante la emergencia se emitieron 78, 2 millones de toneladas de CO2, equivalente a 3,5 veces las emisiones que realiza todo el parque automotriz chileno. También trabajaron 506 personas de otros países.
English version of the news. Note: the news has been translated by Google translator.
Authorities took the calculator and took costs ... this was spent on forest fires
Conaf's chief executive, Aarón Cavieres, delivered the final report on forest
fires that consumed more than 467,000 hectares of the southern center of our
country this afternoon.
The report was summarized and it was specified that the emergency began on January 18 and ended on February 5. This balance, which excludes the fires of the Metropolitan, Valparaíso and Araucanía regions, revealed that the affected area was 467 thousand hectares and 170 brigades worked in their combat. It was also pointed out that it affected the regions of O'Higgins, Maule and Biobío.
The most critical days were January 26 and 27.
After the losses - which left more than a thousand victims and a total of 11 dead -, a total cost of this cadastre of $ 17 thousand 404 million was generated, according to Conaf information.
The United States donated a thousand security equipment for the National Forestry Corporation (CONAF) and Chilean Fire Brigade. He pointed out that on January 26 the peak of the emergency was recorded with 120 fire outbreaks between Coquimbo and Biobío.
Another factor that measured the Conaf was the environmental impact that generated the fire and one of the data that is most worrisome is that during the emergency were emitted 78, 2 million tons of CO2, equivalent to 3.5 times the emissions done all The Chilean automotive park. 506 people from other countries also worked.
In total, they are willing to pay US$643.5 million (RM2.8 billion) a year — large enough to make a “substantive impact on the problem” if used for land conservation and restoration, the researchers state in a paper published in February’s issue of the journal, Environmental Research Letters.
The paper’s authors, Yuan Lin, Lahiru Wijedasa and Dr Ryan Chisholm, wrote: “Our results indicate that Singaporeans experience sufficiently negative impacts of air pollution (in) their day-to-day life, or personal health during haze periods, that they are willing to trade off personal financial gain for improvements in air quality.”
Transboundary haze is a long-standing problem in the South-east Asian region, largely caused by the drainage of carbon-rich peatland as well as companies and farmers in Indonesia using fire to clear land.
Singapore experienced its worst haze episode in 2015 from September to November, with the Pollutant Standards Index hitting hazardous levels.
Since then, Indonesia has renewed efforts to prevent fires, although a state of emergency was declared last month in Riau province over forest and land fires.
The economic impact of haze pollution here has been estimated using cost-benefit analysis before, but the researchers said that the figures could be an under-estimate because they exclude impacts — such as non-hospitalisable health effects — that are difficult to infer from economic data.
The 2015 haze episode was estimated to have cost Singapore S$700 million (RM2.19 billion) in losses.
The NUS researchers surveyed 390 people in public areas from November 2015 to February 2016 on their willingness to pay, should the Singapore Government be able to guarantee good air quality year-round.
The participants, from various age and income groups, were given options ranging from 0.05 per cent to 5 per cent of their annual income, after they indicated if they were willing to support such a haze mitigation fund.
The average person’s willingness to pay was an estimated 0.97 per cent of his/her annual income.
However, about three in 10 respondents were unwilling to pay even the minimum option of 0.05 per cent of their annual income.
Wijedasa said that one of the solutions proposed for the haze problem is payments for ecosystem services.
“This could take the form of richer nations aiding better land management and restoration by making regular payments.
“Indonesia has estimated that it needs US$2.1 billion to help restore two million hectares of peatland in (the country). They have currently only received US$50 million from Norway and US$17 million from the United States.
"Could this shortfall be filled by Singapore (and other countries in the region)?”
Tan Yi Han, who is not involved in the study and is co-founder of non-governmental organisation People’s Movement to Stop Haze, said that the findings are helpful and “should motivate the Singapore Government to spend on measures to prevent haze, such as a subsidy on certified sustainable palm oil, as well as aid to support peat restoration and protection efforts in Indonesia”.
His organisation’s survey last year found that more than nine in 10 respondents were willing to pay more for certified sustainable products to help mitigate the haze, Tan said.
Most were willing to pay 5 to 10 per cent more.
Consumers game to chip in to avoid any haze include Steven Lim, who is in his 40s and self-employed. How much he is willing to contribute would depend on the amount needed to make an impact.
“Maybe S$10? Multiplied by many individuals, it would be a lot,” Lim said, preferring that the money goes to the Indonesian government.- See more at: http://www.themalaymailonline.com/money/article/singaporeans-willing-to-fork-out-1pc-of-income-to-ensure-no-more-haze#sthash.CRhWHQHj.dpuf