Prácticamente extinguido incendio forestal en Parque Humboldt

 
29 July 2017

published by http://www.acn.cu


Cuba - Guantánamo, 29 jul (ACN) Gracias al accionar de muchos, prácticamente extinguido está hoy el incendio forestal iniciado hace más de una semana en virgen e inhóspita localidad del Parque Nacional Alejandro de Humboldt, hacia donde se movilizaron brigadas especializadas de guardabosques y forestales.

Rolando Villaverde, experto forestal de la guantanamera Unidad de Servicios Ambientales, explicó a la ACN que el siniestro tuvo lugar en zona cercana al río Toa, específicamente en la cueca del afluente Fortunita, en los límites entre Cupeyal del Norte y Ojito de Agua, respectivas localidades de los municipios Yateras y Moa.

El paraje está próximo a donde hace dos años hubo otro incendio, y en esta ocasión el hecho presumiblemente sea también consecuencia de una descarga eléctrica, y aunque no se ha cuantificado aún el volumen de pérdida, pudiera considerarse alrededor de las 280 y 300 hectáreas dañadas, estimó el especialista.

Amplia área de charrascales y algunos remanentes de pinos y bosques siempre verdes se quemaron entre la espesura pero, tras hacer todo lo posible en el intrincado paraje, las fuerzas contra incendio controlaron la peligrosa propagación de las llamas, que amenazaban grandes extensiones de pinares próximos allí.

Para aplacarlas se crearon trochas cortafuego y otros métodos básicos, tradicionales, atendiendo lo poco accesible del lugar que impidió la entrada de otras tecnologías, como camiones cisternas, o los buldócer que se dispusieron y solo lograron acercarse a unos seis kilómetros del sitio, donde las brigadas instalaron campamento y se adentraron a pie.

Todavía quedan pequeños focos ardiendo y, aunque ya parecen no constituir amenaza, se mantiene su monitoreo permanente, teniendo en cuenta el peligro que implican las altas temperaturas, el aire, y raíces y árboles soterrados que aún arden.

Al frente del movimiento de las fuerzas de extinción y garantizando toda la logística ha estado el Gobierno y el Partido de la provincia, y a respaldar el trabajo han acudido pobladores, compañeros de ETECSA y linieros con motosierras de la Empresa Eléctrica, aportando recursos técnicos, igual que los ministerios de la Agricultura y la Construcción.

Para asumir la tarea se dispuso lo necesario y la gente se volcó al control del siniestro, conociendo el valor del Parque Alejandro de Humboldt, que es Sitio Natural del Patrimonio Mundial y núcleo de la Reserva de Biosfera Cuchillas del Toa, una de las seis existentes en Cuba con esa categoría de manejo.

Próximamente quedará evaluar las áreas dañadas, la posible extracción de madera rolliza de algún rodal con acceso -para su aprovechamiento-, y la rehabilitación del área, dada la lejanía, se le dejaría al proceso de regeneración natural, a la resiliencia del ecosistema para sobreponerse a estas circunstancias, y algo de ayuda del hombre.

English version of the news. Note: the news has been translated by Google translator.

Practically extinguished forest fire in Parque Humboldt

Guantanamo, July 29 (ACN) Thanks to the actions of many, the forest fire started more than a week ago in a virgin and inhospitable locality of the Alejandro de Humboldt National Park, where specialized brigades of rangers and foresters were mobilized.

Rolando Villaverde, a forestry expert from the Guantanamo Environmental Services Unit, told ACN that the incident took place near the Toa River, specifically in the Fortunita tributary underwear, between Cupeyal del Norte and Ojito de Agua, respectively Localities of the municipalities Yateras and Moa.

The site is close to where two years ago there was another fire, and this time presumably is also the result of an electric shock, and although the volume of loss has not yet been quantified, it could be considered around 280 and 300 hectares damaged , Estimated the specialist.

A large area of ​​charrascales and some remnants of evergreen pines and forests burned in the thicket, but after doing everything possible in the intricate spot, the fire forces controlled the dangerous spread of flames, threatening large expanses of nearby pine groves there .

To placate them, they created fire-fighting trails and other traditional, basic methods, taking care of the inaccessible place that prevented the entrance of other technologies, such as tank trucks, or the bulldozers that were arranged and only managed to approach about six kilometers of the site, where the Brigades set up camp and went on foot.

There are still small fires burning, and although they do not appear to constitute a threat, they are permanently monitored, taking into account the danger of high temperatures, air, and roots and still burning trees.

At the front of the movement of the forces of extinction and guaranteeing all the logistics has been the Government and the Party of the province, and to support the work have come villagers, ETECSA companions and linieros with chainsaws of the Electric Company, providing technical resources, equal Which the Ministries of Agriculture and Construction.

In order to take on the task, people were involved in the control of the accident, knowing the value of the Alejandro de Humboldt Park, which is a World Heritage Site and a nucleus of the Cuchillas del Toa Biosphere Reserve, one of the six In Cuba with that category of management.

Soon it will be possible to evaluate the damaged areas, the possible extraction of roundwood from some stand with access - for its use - and the rehabilitation of the area, given the distance, would be left to the natural regeneration process, the resilience of the ecosystem to overcome To these circumstances, and some help from man.

An international team of climate researchers from the US, South Korea and the UK has developed a new wildfire and drought prediction model for southwestern North America. Extending far beyond the current seasonal forecast, this study published in the journal Scientific Reports could benefit the economies with a variety of applications in agriculture, water management and forestry.

Over the past 15 years, California and neighboring regions have experienced heightened conditions and an increase in numbers with considerable impacts on human livelihoods, agriculture, and terrestrial ecosystems. This new research shows that in addition to a discernible contribution from natural forcings and human-induced global warming, the large-scale difference between Atlantic and Pacific ocean temperatures plays a fundamental role in causing droughts, and enhancing wildfire risks.

"Our results document that a combination of processes is at work. Through an ensemble modeling approach, we were able to show that without anthropogenic effects, the droughts in the southwestern United States would have been less severe," says co-author Axel Timmermann, Director of the newly founded IBS Center for Climate Physics, within the Institute for Basics Science (IBS), and Distinguished Professor at Pusan National University in South Korea. "By prescribing the effects of man-made climate change and observed global ocean temperatures, our model can reproduce the observed shifts in weather patterns and wildfire occurrences."



Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-07-atlanticpacific-ocean-temperature-difference-fuels.html#jCp
An international team of climate researchers from the US, South Korea and the UK has developed a new wildfire and drought prediction model for southwestern North America. Extending far beyond the current seasonal forecast, this study published in the journal Scientific Reports could benefit the economies with a variety of applications in agriculture, water management and forestry.
 

Over the past 15 years, California and neighboring regions have experienced heightened conditions and an increase in numbers with considerable impacts on human livelihoods, agriculture, and terrestrial ecosystems. This new research shows that in addition to a discernible contribution from natural forcings and human-induced global warming, the large-scale difference between Atlantic and Pacific ocean temperatures plays a fundamental role in causing droughts, and enhancing wildfire risks.

"Our results document that a combination of processes is at work. Through an ensemble modeling approach, we were able to show that without anthropogenic effects, the droughts in the southwestern United States would have been less severe," says co-author Axel Timmermann, Director of the newly founded IBS Center for Climate Physics, within the Institute for Basics Science (IBS), and Distinguished Professor at Pusan National University in South Korea. "By prescribing the effects of man-made climate change and observed global ocean temperatures, our model can reproduce the observed shifts in weather patterns and wildfire occurrences."



Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-07-atlanticpacific-ocean-temperature-difference-fuels.html#jCp