An Innovative Approach of Integrated Wildland Fire Management Regulating the Wildfire Problem by the Wise Use of Fire: Solving the Fire Paradox
Fire Paradox is an important project for joint research on forest fires. It has just been accepted by the European Union, should start in early 2006, and will last four years. This project is co-coordinated by the Higher Agronomic Institute at Lisbon, Portugal
This project will have a significant impact on European forestry policy
The fire paradox is visible on every continent. Humans need fire to regulate the dynamics of natural ecosystems for the benefit of stability and productivity, but uncontrolled use of fire often leads to ecological and humanitarian catastrophes threatening biodiversity or resulting in economic losses and public well-being.
In Europe, a few years later than North America, it became apparent that a systematically implemented policy of fire exclusion in fact often produces the opposite of the desired effect. It aggravates the overall fire risks, due to an increase in the “protected”, accumulating biomass. Based on the experience of a few practitioners and the results of past fire ecology research, the aim of this project is to develop new policies for fire management and forest fire risk reduction, adapted to European constraints. The ambition of participants in the Fire Paradox project to contribute through their research to develop concrete, operable contributions to reduce the social, economic and ecological impacts of large-scale or high-severity forest fires such as occurred in Portugal, Spain and France in 2003 and 2005.
A work programme centred on fire
The aim of this project is to provide the scientific and technical building blocks to “learn to live with fire”.
Fire Paradox examines four components of fire:
Equal importance given to research, development and communication
When the Fire Paradox work programme was prepared, it was decided to devote virtually the same amount of work to three “domains”:
Within these three domains the actions will strive to focus on innovation, but they will also aim to revive good ideas that already exist, and to call into question ineffective policies and practices.
In addition, specific work will be undertaken in non-sectoral domains that may have an impact on forest fire occurrence: land-use planning (urban development, environment), economic aspects (tourism, Common Agricultural Policy), forestry management, energy policy, climate change, etc.
An opening to sharing experiences from the various geographical regions of Europe
The Fire Paradox consortium includes 32 partners from 12 different countries, but concentrates on Mediterranean European countries most affected by fires: Spain, France, Greece, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia and also two Maghreb countries – Tunisia and Morocco.
The programme participants also include international non-governmental organisations, so that it can have an influence both in Northern Europe and in developing countries: European Forest Institute (EFI), Université Méditerranée Avicenna Knowledge Centres, Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) and the Centre International de Hautes Etudes Agronomiques Méditerranéennes (CIEHAM).
Open Positions in institutions participating in FIRE PARDOX
FIRE PARADOX Website: www.fireparadox.org
(currently for members only – but soon with publicly accessible information)